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China's New Law 'Formalises' Its LAC Actions

25 Oct 2021

Category : International Relations

Topic: China's New Law 'Formalises' Its LAC Actions

Chinese legislators have passed a new border law, which will come into effect on January 1, calling on the state and the military to "fight all actions" that protect territory and undermine China's territorial claims.
The law heightened tensions along the actual Line of Actual Control (LAC) with India after the PLA mobilized two divisions in the upstream area and committed several violations this year's 3 First proposed in the month.
China has an open border dispute with India and Bhutan. According to observers, the new law includes PLA mass formation in the upper reaches along the Indian border, multiple LAC violations, and a new "border village along the border with Bhutan."
The legislature, which is ceremonial mainly in China and controlled by the ruling Communist Party, "passed a new law on the exploitation and protection of national border areas," the Xinhua News Agency said. The law very well mentions that "the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the People's Republic of China are sacred and inviolable," he said. "The state protects territorial integrity and borders and undermines all" territorial sovereignty and borders.
He also "strengthens border defence, supports economic and social development, opens border areas, improves public services and infrastructure in these areas, and encourages people. Demand the state to take steps to support it. Live and work there, facilitating coordination between border protection and the social and economic development of border areas. "

Economic Issues and Security

The law defines the various responsibilities of the military, legislature or cabinet, and state government in addressing border area security and economic issues. Article 22 of the act states that the PLA should "perform border missions" including "organizing exercises" and "resolute prevention, prevention and combat of aggression, assault, provocation and other acts". The law also states that China "negotiates border issues with neighbouring countries to resolve conflicts and long-standing border issues properly."
The enactment of the act is consistent with increasing China's activity along the border, reflecting actions in conflict areas across the East and the South China Sea. The law stamps the recent actions of the military in conflict areas. In line with the LAC, the People's Liberation Army's actions last summer, violated four previous border agreements that have contributed significantly to the maintenance of peace since the signing of the Agreement for Peace and Peace Maintenance in 1993. Indian officials said that both sides have occasionally argued over the perception of the LAC. Still, China first gathered a large number of troops in the upper reaches last summer in an attempt to unilaterally reform the LAC, including the Galway Valley. The June 2020 clash was the worst violence since 1967, occurring in areas such as Lake Pangong, Demchok and Depsang. Eighteen months after tensions in eastern Ladakh, military negotiations are still ongoing, and India is insisting on a return to the status quo.
Bhutan, China, has effectively dominated the controversial Dokulam Plateau by building civilian settlements and border villages along the border. This is a broader campaign to build 628 "moderately wealthy villages", primarily to encourage shepherds to settle in border areas, including conflict areas, and to verify China's territorial claims.

Other Features

  • Indeed, this suggests efforts to settle civilians in border areas.
  • The law also requires States to adhere to the principles of equality, mutual trust and friendly consultation and address issues related to borders with neighbouring countries.

China's Border

  • China shares a 22,457km border with 14 countries, including India, which is the third-longest after the border with Mongolia and Russia.
  • However, in contrast to the border with India, the border between China and these two countries is indisputable.
  • Bhutan (477 km) is the only other country in which China is competing for borders.

Why is it important for India?

China claims up to 90,000 square kilometres in the eastern sector of Arunachal Pradesh. Illegal occupation of 38,000 square kilometres of Aksai Chin in western Jammu & Kashmir. Recent tensions in the western sector have been concentrated in Ladakh, but recently there has been a clash between the two in Uttarakhand.

Signal to India

Even though the India-China border issue dates back at least to the Shimla convention in 1994, the law does not explicitly cover the border with India. However, this could hinder the resolution of the 17-month military stalemate at LAC. There is also a clear difference that the PLA will take over border control, but this makes negotiations a bit more complicated.


  • The law states that China's sovereignty and territorial integrity are sacred and inviolable.
  • It requires the State to take steps to protect territorial integrity and borders, protect against any actions that undermine them, and fight.
  • The states can take steps to strengthen border protection, support economic and social development, and support the opening of border areas.
  • We want to improve public services and infrastructure in these areas and promote and support the lives and jobs of the people who live there.