India-Pakistan relationship after Balakot strike and scrapping article 370 IAS Target

India-Pakistan Relationship after Balakot Strike and Scrapping Article 370 UPSC

22 Jul 2020

Category : International Relations

Topic: India-Pakistan Relationship after Balakot Strike and Scrapping Article 370 UPSC

India-Pakistan relation hostage by some hostility issues that prevent their friendly relationship:

Siachen Glacier There have been demands for the withdrawal of Indian troops from Siachen. Although, Siachen holds strategic importance for India, and India has denied agreeing to the demand. It was recommended to make it a demilitarized zone. Pakistan and India almost handled this in November 1992. The pact on Siachen was in the mutual withdrawal of troops from new positions, the formation of a “zone of complete disengagement,’ and the description of a “zone of peace and tranquility”. The process broke down before a formal pact could be agreed to.
Sir Creek Sir Creek is a 96-kilometer tidal estuary on the India-Pakistan border. The creek, which opens up into the Arabian Sea, isolates the Gujarat state of India from the Sindh province of Pakistan. Kori Creek is another tidal estuary of the Indus River Delta. The long-standing clash hinges on the actual separation "from the mouth of Sir Creek to the top of Sir Creek, and from the top of Sir Creek eastward to a point on the line designated. This region belonging to India and is a part of the Indus River Delta most of which places in Sindh, Pakistan. The creek itself is situated in unoccupied marshlands of the Indus Delta just to the West of the Great Rann of Kutch. During the winter season, the region is home to flamingoes and other migratory birds.
Insurgency and terrorism According to some reports published by the Council of Foreign Relations, the ISI and the Pakistan military have provided secret support to terrorist groups active in Kashmir, including the al-Qaeda affiliate Jaish-e-Mohammed. Pakistan has denied any participation in terrorist activities in Kashmir, arguing that it only provides political and moral assistance to the secessionist groups who wish to escape Indian rule. Some Kashmiri militant groups also maintain their headquarters in Pakistan-administered Kashmir, which is cited as further evidence by the Indian government.
Pakistan’s 1st use doctrine The latest India-Pakistan crisis has challenged longstanding narratives on South Asia’s crisis stability, dispute management, and escalation control. This crisis has put a cover on various misrepresentations regarding Pakistan’s posture of Full Spectrum Deterrence (FSD) that was being only seen through the lens of Pakistan’s nuclear-capable Hatf-IX (NASR) short-range battlefield ballistic missile. Pakistan’s FSD has thus been misunderstood to solely represent a nuclear war-fighting strategy, centred on the employment of NASR against Indian military operations. In the past, this characterization was fully embraced by Indian, Pakistani, and Western scholars. But this led to misperceptions about Pakistan’s nuclear threshold and it’s consolidating conventional capabilities. Both sides engaged in a blind arms race that isn’t in the interest of humanity. India is the world's biggest arms importer, while Pakistan is the biggest arms purchaser from China. Both the countries have around 120+ nuclear war-head and periodic war-mongering also creates tension in the South-Asia region. This arms race isn’t in the interest of any country.
Kashmir Before the amalgamation, the state was attached by Pak-sponsored armed infiltrators. They were revolted but a portion of Kashmir came under infiltrators. At present, the part of Kashmir is known as Pak occupied Kashmir (POK). During the clash, the issue was raised in UNO by India. The UN-appointed commission called the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan to reinstate peace and arrange for plebiscite in Kashmir. Though, it failed to bring the desired outcome. In favour of Kashmir, Pakistan argues that Kashmir is mainly a Muslim populated state and according to ‘Two Nation Theory’, its natural place is in Pakistan. It also says that all three major rivers of Pakistan – Indus, Chenab, and Jhelum – originate in Kashmir. India counters the Pakistan dispute by saying that it never accepted Jinnah’s two-nation theory. Many Muslims are living in independent India than in Pakistan. India decided to refer the Kashmir question to the Security Council of the UN in the year 1948. It appealed to the Security Council to ask the Pakistan government to sort out the matter. Pakistan demanded that Kashmir's consent to India was illegal. The resolution asserted the right of the Indian army to defend the state. The Security Council resolution couldn’t be implemented because both India and Pakistan failed to abide by its conditions.

India-Pakistan relation after Pulwama Attack

In the run-up to Balakot strikes, India expressed to the top brass of the government that its force was fully prepared to deal with any ground offensive by Pakistan and take the battle into enemy territory. The Indian Army was ready for conventional warfare with Pakistan which would have incorporated going inside Pakistan. The Army chief informed the government about the preparedness of its force when it was considering various options, including carrying out an aerial raid, to penalize Pakistan for the Pulwama terror attack.
Army said the force was ready to fight for any hostilities from Pakistan Army after the Balakot strikes. Indian Air Force bombed terror group Jaish-e-Mohammed's biggest training camp near Balakot, deep inside Pakistan on February 26, in response to the Pulwama attack. Pakistan reacted by attempting to target Indian military installations on Wednesday. Though, the Indian Air Force foiled their plans.

India-Pakistan after ending article 370

A day after the Indian government ended Article 370, which gave special status to Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan said that it will be declining diplomatic ties with India. It has said that it will be banishing the Indian High Commissioner and suspending bilateral trade with New Delhi. Since the bilateral trade b/w, Pakistan and India are low following the 2019 Pulwama attack. Many experts believe that New Delhi won’t sense the pinch of the fresh stand-off. The total collection of bilateral trade b/w India and Pakistan stood at $2.40 billion in 2017-18.
The move is being watched as retaliation to India's removal of special status to Jammu and Kashmir and divergence of the state into two union territories. The decision was made in a meeting of the National Security Committee (NSC), presided by Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan, which comprised Pakistan's top military and civilian leadership. The committee "discussed the situation arising out of unilateral and illegal actions by the Indian government, situation inside Indian-occupied Kashmir and along LoC".
India-Pakistan relation denies all the hope of any friendly relationship, even though thaws in Korea relation but South-Asian neighbours still grappling to overcome the trust deficit that emerges from the Partition of India after the British Empire departure. Both nations should realize and look in history where we found that war never solution to any clash, only mutual trust and dialogue can stop further hostility and arms race. So, instead of inviting an outsider to solve conflicting issues, both countries should find common ground and find agreeable solutions that accept both countries and bring citizens of both countries together and live peacefully.