6th Schedule of the Indian Constitution, sixth schedule areas | IAS Target IAS Target

6th Schedule of the Indian Constitution

31 Dec 2021

Category : National Issue

Topic: 6th Schedule of the Indian Constitution

Context:

Most Indian tribes are collectively referred to as planning tribes under Article 342 (1) and (2) of the Constitution.
  • Article 244 of Part X of the Constitution (Administration of Scheduled and Tribal Areas) grants them a comprehensive exemption to the extent of their substantive rights to self-determination.
  • The planned area has the highest forest coverage and is rich in minerals. In addition, the business potential of the line area has been shown to lead companies to work intensively with the state government to bring them favourable decisions and high profits.
  • The planned area has the highest forest coverage and is rich in minerals. In addition, the business potential of the line area has been shown to lead companies to work intensively with the state government to bring them favourable decisions and high profits.
  • It affects the environment and livelihoods of the tribal community.

Areas that are Scheduled:

By order, the President can ordinarily order that all or part of the scheduled area is no longer part of the scheduled area. The President, however, can order to: Expand ​​each registered area in the state in consultation with the Governor. The planned area that changes, but only by modifying the boundaries. Each time a state boundary changes, a new state is approved by the Union, or a new state is established, each region that was not previously part of the state is declared as a registered area or part of it. For states, we will revoke the orders issued under these provisions and, in consultation with the Governor, issue new orders to redefine the areas considered to be registered areas.

Planning Scheduled Area Criteria:

  • Existence of a large tribal population.
  • Area compactness and suitable size.
  • Functional administrative unit, e.g. B. district, block, or talc.
  • Economic backwardness of the region compared to neighbouring regions.

6th schedule:

Between September 57, 1949, the Constitutional Assembly discussed and passed the fifth and sixth schedules for sixth schedule areas. Northeast India, home to many different ethnic groups, is strategically located on the border with Bhutan, China, Myanmar, and Bangladesh
In 1929, the Naga submitted a petition to the Simon Commission for autonomy from the future nation-state of India. The sixth schedule gives indigenous peoples the freedom to exercise their legislative and administrative powers through the Autonomous Region Council and the Autonomous Region Council.

India has four states with tribal areas:

  • Assam: North Cachar Hills District; Karbi Anglong District; Bodoland Territorial District.
  • Tripura: Tripura tribal district.
  • Meghalaya: Cassie Hills District, Jaintia Hills District, Garo Hills District.
  • Mizoram: Chakuma, Mara, Rye Constitutional provisions of Appendix 6 Article 244, paragraph 2 provides that Appendix 6 apply to the administration of the tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
  • This particular provision is provided in Article 244, Paragraph 2 and Article 275, Paragraph 1 of the Constitution.

Tribal area management:

The various provisions governing the management of the tribal areas included in the sixth list are:
  • The tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Mizoram were organized as autonomous regions.
  • However, they do not fall outside the administrative authority of the countries concerned.
  • If there are different tribes in the autonomous region, the Governor can divide the district into several autonomous regions.
  • Each autonomous region has a district council of 30 members.
  • The four are nominated by the Governor and perform their duties at the Governor's discretion.
  • Twenty-six are elected adults and have a term of five years.

Autonomous Region / Local Assembly Authority:

County and local councils are empowered to estimate and collect land income and collect certain specific taxes. If both parties are members of the Scheduled Tribes and the maximum sentence is less than five years, the Autonomous Region Council has the authority to convene a court.

Appointment of the committee:

The Governor may appoint a committee to investigate and report any issues affecting the administration of the autonomous region and the autonomous region. At the committee's suggestion, the district or local council can be dissolved.

Conclusion:

  • Although marginalized groups need special constitutional protection to ensure historical injustice.
  • To address this delicate issue, governments and other agencies need to gain the trust and trust of local tribal and non-tribal people and make them feel safe and secure.