What is ‘Greater Tipraland’ and IPFT | IAS Target IAS Target

What is ‘Greater Tipraland’?

10 Dec 2021

Category : National Issue

Topic: What is ‘Greater Tipraland’?

Greater Tipraland is a region of Tripura. Some tribes want the region to be a state of its own.

What is wrong?

There are 19 reported Scheduled Tribes in Tripura. Of these19 tribes, 5.92 lakhs are the Tripuri, and 1.88 lakhs are Reangs. These three tribal groups are the major tribes of the state. Several small tribal groups have joined forces to form the political parties, IPFT (Indigenous People's Front of Tripura) and TIPRA Motha (Tirpaha Indigenous Regional Alliance). These parties now claim they want their nation for their "survival and existence."

The constitutional validity

It is claimed by them for seeking Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution. Article 2 of the Constitution states that "The Parliament shall permit the establishment of new states and union territories and also permit the entry of new states and UTs into the Indian Union."
Article 3 states that "Parliament shall increase or diminish the area of a state".

Why did the problem occur?

  • The Manikya dynasty governed Tripura from the late 13th century until the signing of a certificate of assent with the Government of India in 1949.
  • The certificate of acquisition is a document signed by the state of India to join the Indian Union after independence.
  • Over time, some of the region's indigenous peoples have become a minority in the state.
  • This was mainly due to the expulsion of Bengali from East Pakistan during the 1971 war.
  • In 1881 the state's tribal population was 63.77%. In 2011 it decreased to 31.8%.