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The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Program

27 Dec 2021

Category : Social justice

Topic: The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Program

Context: In the news, the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) program recently completed its six-year launch in 2015. The effectiveness of the BBBP program was discussed on the occasion of National Girls' Day (January 24).
National Girl Child Day was initiated by the Ministry of Women and Child Development in 2008.

The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Program:

Main purpose:
  • Prevention of gender-specific gender-selective exclusion.
  • Assuring the survival and safety of the girl.
  • Ensuring the education and participation of girls.
  • Protect the rights of girls.

Cross-sectoral national campaign:

BBBP is a national campaign focused on multi-sectoral behaviour in 100 selected districts with low child sex ratios (CSR) for all states and UTs. This is a collaborative endeavour of the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Human Resources Development, and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

BBBP Program Outcomes:

Sex ratio at birth:
  • According to the Health Care Information System data, the sex ratio at birth (SRB) has been changed.
  • Of the 640 districts covered by the BBBP, 422 showed improvements in SRB from 2014-15 to 2018-2019.
Notable example:
From Mau (Uttar Pradesh) 694 (201415) to 951 (201920), From Carnal (Haryana) 758 (201415) to 898 (201920), Mahendragarh (Haryana) from 791 (201415) to 919 (201920).

Health:

ANC Registration:
The percentage of ANC (Antenatal Care) registrations had shown an improvement from 61% in 20 1415 to 71% in 20 1920.

Education:

Gross Enrollment (GER):
Secondary school girls' GER improved from 77.45 (2014-15) to 81.32 (2018-19), according to preliminary data from the Unified District Information System for Education (UDISE).

Women's toilets:

The percentage of schools with functioning women's toilets increased from 92.1% in 2014-15 to 95.1% in 1819.

Attitude change:

The BBBP program was able to focus on the critical issues of female infanticide, the lack of education of girls, and the deprivation of their right to continuous life cycle continuity. BetiJanmotsav is one of the essential programs celebrated in all districts.

Other Initiatives for Girls:

UJJAWALA: To address the issue of trafficking, it is a comprehensive anti-trafficking program, rescue, rehabilitation and reintegration of trafficking victims for commercial sexual exploitation.
Kishore Health Card:
  • Records information about adolescent girl (AG) weight, height, and body mass index (BMI).
  • These health cards for AG are stored at the Angan Wadi Centers (AWC). Scheme for Adolescent Girls (SAG). Sukanya Samridhi Yojana, etc.
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