|Composition of National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)||As per Act, the chairperson of NHRC is a person who has been the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (SC). The Bill amends this to provide that a person who has been the Supreme Court judge or Chief Justice of the Supreme Court will be a chairperson of NHRC.
The Act provides for two persons to be appointed as members of NHRC having human rights knowledge. The Bill seeks to permit three members to be appointed, of which at least one will be a woman. According to the act, the chairpersons of other commissions like National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST), National Commission for Women (NCW), and National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) are members of NHRC. The bill provides to include the chairpersons of the National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights, the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities, and the National Commission for Backward Classes as members of the NHRC.
|Chairperson of State Human Rights Commission (SHRC)||As per the Bill, the chairperson of SHRC is a person who has been the Chief Justice of a High Court (HC). The Bill amends this provision to provide that a person who has been High Court Judge or Chief Justice of High Court will be the chairperson of SHRC.|
|Term of office||The Act defines that the chairperson and members of both SHRC and NHRC will hold office for 5 years or till the age of 70 years, whichever is earlier. The Bill decreases the term of office to 3 years or till the age of 70 years, whichever is earlier. Moreover, the Act permit the re-appointment of members of the SHRC and NHRCs for 5 years. And the bill abolish the 5 year limit for reappointment.|
|Powers of Secretary-General||The Act provides for a Secretary of an SHRC and Secretary-General of the NHRC who exercise powers may be handed over to them. The Bill amends this provision and permits the Secretary and Secretary-General to exercise all financial and administrative powers except judicial functions, subject to the respective chairperson’s leash.|
|Union Territories (UTs)||The Bill provides that the union government may discuss functions of SHRC human rights being discharged by Union Territories (UTs). Functions regarding human rights in the case of Delhi (NCR) will be dealt with by the NHRC.|