IAS Target

AYUSH

Unani System

In India unani sytem has an impressive and a long record in terms of Medicine. Unani System was first introduced in India by the Persians and Arabs in 11th century. In present scenario, India is known to be one of the major countries in the practice of Unani medicine. Hipprocrates laid the foundation of Unani System of medicine. Arbas saved the Greek literature and supplemented the medicine of their day itself. In order to formulate unani medicine they made broad use of the Science of chemistry, Anatomy, pathology, surgery, Botany, Physiology and Therapeutics.
Unani Medicines supplemented by acquiring what was finest in the contemporary systems of old medicines in Syria, Persia, China, Iraq, India and other MiddleEast nations. The ruler of the Delhi Sultanate supported the intellectuals of Unani System along with Indian systems of medicine. Unani system of medicine and Indian medicine system got a fresh boost under the National Government after Indian Independence. It approved law to control and promote its research, training and education as well. Moreover, govt. founded testing laboratories, research institutions and standardized regulations for the best and quality production of drugs for its practice.

Ayurveda

In the Indian subcontinent “Ayurveda” is considered a system of medicine that is connected with its historical roots. Advanced practices formulated from Ayurveda customs are a kind of optional medicine. Beyond India, various countries accepted Ayurvedic practices; it has been used for therapies in general wellness and in some other medical usages. The traditional Ayurveda texts initiate with accounts of the diffusion of medical knowledge from Gods to Savants and then to human scholars. In the Book Sushruta-Samhita, Sushruta wrote that Hindu god of Ayurveda (Dhanvantari) personify himself as a ruler of Varanasi and taught medicine to the assembly of Physicians involving Sushruta. Ayurveda therapies are generally based on minerals and metal substances and herbal compounds. Old Ayurveda texts also educated surgical techniques such as sutures, extraction of kidney stone or foreign objects and rhinoplast.

Siddha Medicine

Siddha medicine is a customary medicine, which was originated in Tamil Nadu. In the year, 2018, Indian medical Association was not happy a bill to license experts of Siddha, homeopathic and Ayurvedic medicine. They argued that Siddha medicine along with, homeopathic and Ayurvedic are quackery. Siddhars originated this system of medication and hold the eight supernatural powers or Ashta Siddhis. Nandhisar is the first guru of all Siddhars and it is believed that they have been handed over the sidhha by “shiva”. Ayush Ministry of the government of India encourages and coordinates research in the field of sidhha and Ayurveda medicine.
A statutory body, Central Council of Indian Medicine was set up in 1971 under AYUSH ministry. The work of CCIM is to monitor higher education in domain of Indian medicine like Siddha medicine. To contest unethical and bio-prospecting patents, India established a Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (in 2001) as the archive of varied systems of medicine is common in India like Unani, homeopathy, Ayurveda and Siddha medicine.

Sowa – Rigpa

“Sowa – Rigpa” a traditional Tibetan medicine which employs a difficult approach to diagnosis including practices like dietary modification, urinalysis, pulse diagnosis, medicine composed of organic substances and physical therapies to cure illness. Actually, this medical system is totally based on India Buddhist literature like Vajrayana tantras and Abhidharma. It continues to be adopted in Nepal, Ladakh, Bhutan, India, China and other parts of North America and Europe. It holds the customary Buddhist belief that all sickness eventually results from the three poisons- loathing, ignorance and attachment. This medicine chases the four Noble truth of Buddha’s which apply medical analysis logic to anguish.

Homoeopathy

The word “Homoeopathy” originated from two Greek words, Homois(means similar) and pathos(means suffering). This medical system first introduced in India around 18th century. Basically, homeopathy means curing illness with remedies, elaborated in small doses which are efficient to produce signs similar to illness when taken by a sound person, i.e, and principle of “Simila Simlibus Curantur” means “likes are cured by likes”. It takes a complete approach towards the ill person through enhancement of inner balance at emotional, physical and mental levels.