IAS Target

All India Radio News - 10/11/2020

10 Nov 2020

Category : Daily Current Affairs

    Afghanistan has welcomed the United Nations Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team concerning the Taliban and other associated individuals and entities constituting threats to peace, stabity and security of Afghanistan.
    In a statement , Afghanistan’s Foreign Affairs Ministry said it rejects allegations made by Pakistan with regard to Tehrik e Taliban Pakistan, TTP and use of Afghanistan territories by a third party to destablise Pakistan. It said TTP and its splinter groups have the blood of Afghan people in their hands.
    Afghanistan said as a victim of terrorism, the country has striven to play more than its part in the region’s collective fight against this common enemy. The statement said Afghanistan has never allowed and will never tolerate any acts by a third party to use the country to destablise another country.
    An Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team was established to assist the 1267 Committee in the fulfilment of its mandate for an initial period of 18 months, and would be based in New York City. United Nations Security Council resolution 1267 was adopted unanimously on 15 October 1999. After recalling resolutions on the situation in Afghanistan, the Council designated Osama bin Laden and associates as terrorists and established a sanctions regime to cover individuals and entities associated with Al-Qaida, Osama bin Laden and/or the Taliban wherever located.

    Indian Council of Medical Research, ICMR has termed the findings appeared in media related to ICMR Sero Survey for COVID-19 as speculative. Media reports while quoting ICMR's population-based sero survey say that around one-third of the country’s population inside various containment zones and hotspots are exposed to Covid-19. ICMR in collaboration with the Health and Family Welfare Ministry, National Centre for Disease Control is conducting a community based Sero-survey with support from the state health department and other key stakeholders including WHO. The objective of this survey is to estimate the prevalence of Covid-19 infection in Indian population.

    Serology

    Serology is the scientific study of serum and other body fluids. In practice, the term usually refers to the diagnostic identification of antibodies in the serum. Such antibodies are typically formed in response to an infection (against a given microorganism), against other foreign proteins (in response, for example, to a mismatched blood transfusion), or to one's own proteins (in instances of autoimmune disease).

    ELISA TEST

    An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, also called ELISA or EIA, is a test that detects and measures antibodies in your blood. This test can be used to determine if you have antibodies related to certain infectious conditions.
    The national community based Sero-survey for Covid-19 will be conducted in randomly selected 69 districts of 21 states. This household level cross-sectional survey will cover 24 thousand adults from the districts categorized on the basis of reported cases of Covid-19. Blood samples will be collected for detecting IgG antibodies for ELISA test developed by ICMR-National Institute of Virology.

    A provision of one lakh one thousand 500 crore rupees has been made under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme in the current financial year 2020-2021. It is the highest ever provision of funds under the programme. Agriculture ministery issued statement that a total of 60.80 crore person days have been generated so far and work has been offered to 6.69 crore persons. Average number of persons to whom work offered in May this year has been 2.51 crore per day, which is 73 percent higher than the work offered in May last year.
    In a major push to generate more job opportunities in rural India, especially during the upcoming monsoon season, Government announced an additional allocation of Rs 40,000 crore for the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). This step will generate nearly 300 crore more person days of work. This decision of government is siginificant in the backdrop of COVID - 19, which cause slowdown in the economy and poor people is most affected by the Lockdown. So higher allocation in the MNGNREGA will help the boost consumption and right step to revive economy. It will also address the need for work including returning migrants in the monsoon season as well. The government had allocated Rs 61,000 crore for MNREGA in the budget for the current fiscal announced on February 1, 2020. With a lot of workers migrating back to their villages, the government has made provisions so that they can also join in the scheme from their hometowns, if they want to enrol in MGNREGA.

    This will lead to the creation of a larger number of durable and livelihood assets including water conservation assets, and will boost the rural economy through higher production. MGNREGA was among announcements related to seven steps, namely:
    • Health
    • Businesses
    • Decriminalisation of Companies Act
    • Ease of Doing Business and related matters
    • PSUs and policies
    • State government and resources
    The hiking of MGNREGA outlay by additional Rs 40,000 crores, along with raising state’s borrowing limit and major privatisation push among others are “eminently desirable and very positive from the market perspective. In this year’s budget, there was a reduction of funds allocated to this rural job scheme. “Now, an additional Rs 40,000 crores are allocated, so the total allocation now is 42% higher than what was spent in the last fiscal year. Given that the rate for a day under MGNREGA was increased from Rs 182 to Rs 202 n an earlier announcement by the government,this would translate to about 28% increase in person-day that can be supported this year.

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