Determinants of Ethics UPSC | IAS TARGET IAS Target

Determinants Of Ethics

Determinants of Ethics

Human behavior determines whether it is good or bad depending on the following factors:

  • The individual person or person traits like his/her education, religious beliefs, experiences, etc
  • Culture or country of an individual like same-sex marriage acceptance in In the USA or India
  • Determined by a value system, education level, religious beliefs, experiences, work culture, etc. of family or society
  • Ethics in Governance (or institutions) is determined by the social, political, economic, judicial-legal, historical, or cultural context of the country.

Three determinants of ethics are:

Object: What someone chooses to do or not to do.
End: The purpose for which the act is performed. It may be the act itself(e.g. sleeping) or some other purpose (e.g., reading to become IAS).
Circumstances: The elements and environment that surround human activities affect it.

To be an ethically good person, a human act must satisfy morality in all these three. Departure from any one of these makes the action morally wrong.