We are not born with values, so we imbibe values in the course of our life. There is a time period during which values are flourished as we grow.
Development of Values
Periods of development
Great Sociologist Morris Massey has described three major periods during which values are developed.
- The Imprint Period
Up to the age of seven, from our birth, we are like sponges, absorbing everything surrounding us & accepting much of it as true, particularly when it comes from our parents. The ignorance, confusion, and blind belief of this period can also lead to the early formation of trauma and other deep problems. In this period, we are children and depend on our family, so whatever they teach, we accept without questioning. The important thing here is to learn a sense of right and wrong, good and bad. This is a human perception that we nevertheless often assume would exist even if we were not here.
- The Modeling Period
In the middle the ages of eight and thirteen, we copy people, often our parents, but also other people in society. Instead of blind acceptance of other people's values, we are trying them on like a suit of clothes to see how they sense and perceive. At this age, children may be much impressed and influenced by religion or our teachers. You may think of being particularly influenced by junior school teachers who seemed so knowledgeable--maybe even more so except your parents.
- The Socialization Period
Between 13 and 21, i.e., when children reach their teenage age, we are very largely influenced by our peers. As we develop as individuals looking for manners to get away from the earlier programming, we obviously, turn to people who seem more like us. Other sources which influence us at this age include the media and internet, especially those parts which seem to reverberate with the values of our peer groups.