Ethical Theory | Morality UPSC | Difference Between Ethics and Morality | Difference Between Morality and Value | Difference Between Ethics and Value | Meaning of Ethics | Meaning of Value | IAS TARGET IAS Target

Ethics, Morality and Values

Ethical theory or moral philosophy is an offshoot of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending & recommending the notion of right and wrong conduct and behavior. The sphere of ethics, along with aesthetics, concerns value matters and thus comprises the branch of philosophy, which is also called axiology. Ethics seeks to address questions of human morality and ethics by defining notions like good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, and justice and crime. As a discipline of intellectual inquiry, moral philosophy is also related to moral psychology, descriptive ethics, and value theory.
Morality is the differentiation of intentions, feelings, emotions, decisions, and actions between those distinguished as proper and those that are not proper. Morality can be a sphere of standards or principles derived from a code of conduct from a particular philosophy, religion, or culture, or it can derive from a standard that a person believes should be universal. Morality may also be synonymous with "goodness" or "rightness."

Difference between Ethics and Morality:

  • Ethics emphasizes the decision-making process for determining what is right or wrong. Sometimes, it deals with pros and cons and competing for the value of interest. Whereas morality is a code of behaviors usually based on religious tenets, which often inform our ethical decision.
  • Ethics can be learned from other sources and external sources, but morals come within us and internal process.
  • Ethics is what we believe, and morality is what we do.
  • Ethics deals with the set of codes of conduct anywhere it may be at workplace and moral deals with the individual person and set our self.
  • Ethics is developed purposefully for certain things, and morals are something feels intuitive.
  • Ethics is changeable according to the circumstances and moral will not change or sometimes change.

Difference between Morality and Value:

  • Morality or moral values are generally taught by the society to the individual person living in society although values come from within.
  • Moral or ethical acts as a motivation for leading a good life, while values can be called as an intuition.
  • Morals are related to one's religion, business or politics, whereas values are personal fundamental and basic beliefs or principles.
  • Morals are deep-seated, whereas values keep on changing with time and needs.

Difference between Ethics and Value:

Basis for Comparison Ethics Values
Meaning Ethics refers to the guidelines for conduct, that address question about morality Value is defined as the principles and ideals, that helps them in making judgement of what is more important.
What are they? System of moral principles. Stimuli for thinking.
Consistency Uniform Differs from person to person
Tells What is morally correct or incorrect, in the given situation. What we want to do or achieve.
Determines Extent of rightness or wrongness of our options. Level of importance.
What it does? Constrains Motivates