Difference between Administration and Management | Difference between Leaders Administrator and Reformers | Value UPSC | Leadership Values | IAS TARGET IAS Target

Lesson Learn from Leaders, Administrators and Reformers

Difference between Administration and Managment

Administration vs. Management

Administration Process of working to achieved the agreed goals efficiently. The main work is to implement decisions.
Manager
  • Leader + Administrator
  • Their decisions are seen the decisions of the organization.
  • They also have to convince employees
  • Emotional intelligence is must.
  • Planning, co-ordination, direction to execution, evaluation etc.

Leaders, Administrator and Reformers

Leaders
  • Those who formulate policies and initiate new
  • His authority is inherent in his position.
  • He is either appointed or elected or emerges from within a group.
  • He envisages missions, develops strategy, inspires people, and changes culture.
  • Leadership: Exercise high-level conceptual skills and decisiveness
Administrator
  • Those who execute policies and implement decisions, utilizing the existing structure. (even if it is flawed)
  • The ability to influence is based on the formal authority inherent in their position.
  • A leader, and not an administrator, has the potential to change the country.
  • They are appointed (not elected generally).
Reformers
  • Those who work to improve the policies and the existing structure.
  • He is neither appointed nor elected. This virtue emerges from within.
  • Types: Social reformers, Political reformers, Religious reformers, etc.

Values are the leading principles in our lives. Leadership crop up within the context of core values. Leaders guide and clear the way for others to make a positive difference in their own lives and contribute to a larger good. Values apprise the application of leadership qualities as the proficiency of leadership is activated – learned, developed, & practiced – within the set of core values. By concentrating on what people trust and value and then positively building on this understanding, we have the potential for impact far more wide-reaching than if we approached leadership development as a problem-solving activity. Mahatma Gandhi, Abraham Lincoln, Mother Teresa, Sardar Patel, etc. leaders

The following values and lesson can be learn from Leaders:

  • Respect:
    As manifested by self-respect and respecting other people disregarding differences, treating other people with dignity, empathy, sympathy, and compassion, & the ability to receive the respect of others.
  • Making a Difference:
    As manifested by personal endeavors that lead to a favorable implication on a person, systems, institutions, or organizations or positively affecting outcomes.
  • Integrity:
    As demonstrated by moral courage, ethical strength,  trustworthiness, integrity, keeping promises, & fulfilling expectations.
  • Authenticity:
    As demonstrated by consistency, steadfastness,  congruency, and transparency in values, beliefs, and actions, integrating values and principles to create a purposeful life and contribute to the growth of others.
  • Courage:
    As manifested by possessing a strength of self to act with intention on behalf of the common good; taking action in the face of adversity; acting boldly in the service of inclusion and justice.
  • Service:
    As demonstrated by the commitment that extends beyond one’s own self-interest; personal humility for the sake of a greater cause.
  • Humility:
    As manifested by a sense of humbleness, dignity, and an awareness of one’s own limitations; open to perspectives different from one’s own.
  • Wisdom:
    As manifested by a broad understanding of human dynamics and the capability to balance the interests of multiple stakeholders when making decisions, it can take a long-term perspective in decision-making.
  • Justice, Selflessness, Peace-loving, Respect for humanity and dignity, Love and care, Benevolence & Compassion lesson can also learn from leaders. Similarly, Human Values and Lessons can be learned from the lives of great administrators Verghese Kurian, M.S. Swaminathan, E. Sreedharan, C.D. Deshmukh, V.P. Menon, and Sardar Patel.

Main Lessons:

The lessons are based on ethics in public administration. For example;

  • Honesty and Integrity.
  • Discipline
  • Non-discrimination, equality.
  • Public welfare.
  • Accountability- ethical & professional.
  • Responsibility
  • Lawfulness
  • Loyalty
  • Courage
  • Solidarity and respect.

Human Values

Lessons from the lives of great reformers. Swami Vivekananda, Raja Rammohan Roy, Gandhi Ji.

Main Lesson:

The lessons are based on compassion, equality and inclusion. For example;

  • Respect for humanity & dignity.
  • Benevolence, Love, care & compassion.
  • Inquiry for seeking the cause-effect relationship.
  • Contentment
  • Social equality