Role of Family in inculcating Values | Role of Society in inculcating Values | Role of Educational Institutions in inculcating Values | Teacher Role in inculcating Values | IAS TARGET IAS Target

Role of Family in Inculcating Values


Values refer to the important and enduring beliefs or principles based on which an individual makes a judgment in life. Values do not attach judgment of right and wrong to a personal domain. Values refer to something that one considers to have worth in one’s life. For example – being a vegetarian, choosing materialism over spiritualism, etc.

Role of Family and Society in inculcating Values

Family is the cornerstone of society. Human society cannot function without it. It is a universal social institution. Family is the first home of citizenship, and the mother is the first and most important teacher of the child. From the mother, he/she would learn values like truthfulness, honesty, love, respect for elders and selfless service, etc. A good relationship between husband and wife can help children to imbibe good values.

Role of Family

  • Family is the first social institution a child interacts with
  • He acquires his/her first set of ideas, values, and morals from his family. E.g., A child coming from a family of criminals is more vulnerable to committing one himself.
  • The family environment aids the intellectual growth of a child. E.g., stories of children from poor families clearing tough exams because their parents guided them in the right direction.
  • Elders in Indian Joint Family systems play a moderating role. It is absent in western societies. Thus, if children do not get along with their parents, they tend to drift apart.
  • Healthy customs passed on from generations help a child in leading a disciplined and organized life. E.g., For Diwali, Pooja teaches us the virtue of humility and gratitude.

Role of Society

Man lives in society for his mental and intellectual development. Society preserves our culture and transmits it to the succeeding generations. It both liberates and limits our potential as an individual and also shapes our attitudes, beliefs, morals, and ideals. A society flourishes best when it is composed of men and women who are intelligent, hard-working, honest, and dutiful.

Society should teach values such as:

  • Social Cohesion
  • Social Harmony
  • Unity among the people of different religions
  • No ethnic conflict
  • Cultural pluralism
  • Tolerance towards different section of the society

Role of Educational Institutions in inculcating Values

The different aims of education are the development of human personality, the pursuit of knowledge, preservation of culture, development of character, promotion of social justice, scientific temper, democracy, secularism, and so on are just so many varied educational expressions of the constituents of the good life. Teachers have a very important role to play in the development of scientific temper, integrity & overall personality of children through:
  • Morning Prayers
  • Seminars, Parent-Teacher Associations
  • Class Monitors
  • Head Boys / Head Girl & Prefects etc
  • Quizzes, Extra-curricular Activities

Some values that can be taught by educational institutions are:

  • Punctuality, Commitment, Sincerity, Sharing, Caring, Fairness, Helping, Independence, Responsibility, Humility, Pride need to be inculcated in a child.
  • Lessons of Honesty, Social Justice, Sensitising children with empathy towards vulnerable sections of the society.
  • Teaching Gender Equality, Respect for elders, Truthfulness, Tolerance, Peace, Love for nature & mankind, Positive Attitude, Spirituality, Nationalist feelings, Patriotism, Discipline etc