African Nuclear Weapon Free Zone Treaty or Treaty of Pelindaba
The African Nuclear Weapon Free Zone Treaty, also known as the Treaty of Pelindaba (named after South Africa's main Nuclear Research Centre, run by The South African Nuclear Energy Corporation and was the location where South Africa's atomic bombs of the 1970s were constructed and subsequently stored), establishes a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Africa. The treaty was signed in 1996 and came into existence with the 28th ratification on 15 July 2009. All African Union members are the signatories of the treaty. It also requires all parties to apply full-scope International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards to all their peaceful nuclear activities
- The Treaty bar the research, stockpiling, development, manufacture, acquisition, testing, possession, and stationing of nuclear explosive devices in the territory of parties to the Treaty and the dumping of radioactive wastes in the African zone by Treaty parties.
- The Treaty prohibits any attack against nuclear installations in the zone by Treaty parties and require them to maintain the highest standards of physical protection of nuclear material, facilities, and equipment, which are to be used exclusively for peaceful purposes.
- A mechanism to verify compliance, including the establishment of the African Commission on Nuclear Energy, has been established by the Treaty. The Treaty affirms the right of each party to decide for itself whether to allow visits by foreign ships and aircraft to its ports and airfields, explicitly upholds the freedom of navigation on the high seas, and does not affect rights to passage through territorial waters guaranteed by international law.
|Come into force in
India and Pelindaba treaty
- As India is not a member of the Non-Proliferation Treaty, the member states of Pelindbaba treaty (ANWFZT) are not permitted to supply uranium to India
- Namibia has not ratified the agreement due to this treaty
- India Civil Nuclear Agreement with Namibia is in limbo because of this treaty.
- India wants to import Uranium from African nations and thus wants relaxation in it.