Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
COMESA is a free trade area with twenty-one member states stretching from Tunisia to Eswatini. It was established in December 1994, replacing a Preferential Trade Area. COMESA is one of the pillars of the African Economic Community.
Rwanda and Burundi joined the FTA in 2004
|Nine of the member states formed a free trade area in 2000 (Kenya, Djibouti, Egypt, Madagascar, Malawi, Sudan, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe).
- Seychelles in 2009
- Comoros and Libya in 2006
- Tunisia and Somalia in 2018
In 2008, COMESA agreed to including members of two other African trade blocs:
- The East African Community (EAC)
- The Southern Africa Development Community (SADC).
||Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
||English, French, Portuguese
||21 Member States
- Agreement Signed - 5 November 1993
- Ratified - 8 December 1994
||The COMESA Authority, composes of Heads of States or Government and it is COMESA’s supreme policy-making organ.
|The COMESA Council of Ministers
|COMESA Court of Justice
||The COMESA Court of Justice decisions have preference over any decisions of national courts.