Convention on Cluster Munition
The Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) is an international pact that addresses the humanitarian consequences and unacceptable harm to civilians caused by cluster munitions, through a categorical prohibition and a framework for action. "Cluster munition" means a conventional munition that is designed to disperse or release explosive submunitions each weighing less than 20 kilograms, and includes those explosive submunitions.
- A cluster munition is a form of air-dropped or ground-launched explosive weapon that releases or ejects smaller submunitions.
- Commonly, this is a cluster bomb that ejects explosive bomblets that are designed to kill personnel and destroy vehicles.
The Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) is an international treaty that prohibits:
- The use, transfer, and stockpiling of cluster bombs,
- A type of explosive weapon which scatters submunitions ("bomblets") over an area.
|Convention adoption||30 May 2008 in Dublin|
|Languages||Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish|
|Members states||119 (till 2016)|
Countries that ratify the convention will be obliged "never under any circumstances to"
- Use cluster munitions;
- Develop, produce, otherwise acquire, stockpile, retain or transfer to anyone, directly or indirectly, cluster munitions;
- Assist, and encourage anyone to engage in any activity prohibited to a State Party under this Convention.
- In addition, it establishes a framework for cooperation and assistance to ensure adequate care and rehabilitation to survivors and their communities, clearance of contaminated areas, destruction of stockpiles and risk reduction education.
The treaty allows certain types of weapons with submunitions that donít have the indiscriminate area effects or pose the same unexploded ordnance risks as cluster munitions. Permitted weapons must contain fewer than ten submunitions, and each must weigh more than 4 kilograms, and each submunition must have the capability to detect and engage a single target object and contain electronic self-destruct and self-deactivation mechanisms. Weapons containing submunitions which all individually weigh at least 20 kg are also excluded. A limited number of prohibited weapons and submunitions can be acquired and kept for training in, and development of, detection, clearance, and destruction techniques.
CCM in news
- A Peace activist in Sri Lanka has pitched strongly for an early ratification of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM).
- Experts say, this move will not only provide solace to those who were traumatised by the decades-long war in Sri Lanka but also reassure people of the country that such a heinous practice will not be resorted to in the future.