International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) | IAS Target

International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)

IAS Target

International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)

Interpol is the shorter and better known name of the International Criminal Police Organization and it was established in 1923. Its motto, “Our role is to enable police around the world to work together to make the world a safer place. Our high-tech infrastructure of technical and operational support lets meet the growing challenges of fighting crime in the 21st century.”

Members 194 member nations, including India
Headquarters Lyon, France,
3 Special Representative Offices
  • New York City (United States)
  • Brussels (Belgium)
  • Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)
7 Regional Bureaus
  • Yaoundé (Cameroon)
  • Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire)
  • San Salvador (El Salvador)
  • Nairobi (Kenya)
  • Harare (Zimbabwe)
  • Buenos Aires (Argentina)
  • Bangkok (Thailand)
Report The rise of Environmental crime

Functions

  • Interpol connects police across the world, even if these individual member nations don’t have diplomatic relations.
  • Its mandate covers virtually every kind of crime, including crimes against humanity, child pornography, copyright infringement, drug trafficking and production, political corruption, and white-collar crime.
  • The Interpol facilitates information exchange, knowledge sharing and research between nations. This is done by issuing color-coded ‘notices’ in four languages – English, Arabic, Spanish, and French,.
  • Interpol provides investigative support, expertise, and training to law enforcement worldwide in battling three major areas of transnational crime: terrorism, cybercrime, and organized crime
  • The agency helps coordinate cooperation among the world's law enforcement institutions through communications networks and criminal databases.

Source of funding

Over 60 percent was contributed by member countries, mostly in the form of statutory contributions, and the remaining came from externally funded projects, commercial enterprises, and private foundations.

Red Notice A Red Notice is a plea to locate and provisionally arrest individual pending extradition. It is issued by the General Secretariat at the request of a member country or an international tribunal based on a valid national arrest warrant. However, the arrest of the fugitive is based on the rule of the member nation where he or she is located.
Yellow Notice A Yellow Notice is issued to help locate missing persons, often minors, or to help identify persons who are unable to identify themselves. This is highly useful in cases of human trafficking and even in case of missing persons due to calamities
Blue Notice A Blue Notice is issued to collect additional information about a person’s identity, location or activities in relation to a crime. This does not guarantee extradition or arrest of the person.
Black Notice A Black Notice is a request to seek information on unidentified bodies in member nations.
Green Notice A Green Notice is issued to provide warnings and intelligence about persons who have committed criminal offences and are probably to repeat these crimes in other countries
Orange Notice An Orange Notice is issued to provide warnings about warn of a person, an event, an object or a process representing a serious threat to public safety.
Purple Notice A Purple Notice is a request to seek or provide information on the modus operandi, objects, devices and concealment methods used by criminals. Last year the Interpol issued such notices to emphasize human trafficking and modern day slavery prevalent in the fisheries sector.