International Labour Organization (ILO) | IAS Target IAS Target

International Labour Organization (ILO)

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency. It is the first specialised agency of the UN. In 1969, the ILO received the Nobel Peace Prize for improving fraternity and peace among nations, pursuing decent work and justice for workers, and providing technical assistance to other developing nations. The International Labour Organization has developed a system of international labour standards aimed at promoting opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work, in conditions of freedom, equity, security, and dignity. India is a founder member of the International Labour Organization.

Formation 29 October 1919
Headquarters Geneva, Switzerland
Member states 187 including Cook Islands
Parent organization
  • United Nations General Assembly
  • United Nations Economic and Social Council
Report
  • World social protection report
  • World employment and social outlook
  • World of work report
  • Global wage report

Mandate:

The ILO is the only ‘tripartite’ UN agency. It brings together representatives of governments, employers, and workers to jointly shape policies and programmes. This unique arrangement gives the ILO an edge in incorporating ‘real world’ knowledge about employment and work. The ILO is devoted to advancing opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of equity, freedom, security, and human dignity.

Its main objectives are to:

  • Enhance social protection
  • Encourage decent employment opportunities
  • Strengthen dialogue in handling work-related issues.
  • Promote rights at work

The ILO helps advance the creation of decent jobs and the kinds of economic and working conditions that give working people and business people a stake in lasting peace, prosperity and progress.

Structure

  • Government and Employers
  • Employees openly debate and create labour standards

Secretariat

The International Labour Office is the permanent secretariat of the International Labour Organization. It is the main point for International Labour Organization's overall activities, which it prepares under the scrutiny of the Governing Body and under the leadership of the Director-General. In 1969, the ILO received the Nobel Peace Prize for improving fraternity and peace among nations, pursuing decent work and justice for workers, and providing technical assistance to other developing nations. The International Labour Organization has developed a system of international labour standards aimed at promoting opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work, in conditions of freedom, equity, security and dignity.

ILO celebrate its 100th anniversary in 2019, so ILO celebrate with 7 Initiatives

  • The women at work initiative
  • The enterprises initiative
  • The green initiative
  • The standards initiative
  • The governance initiative
  • The future of work initiative
  • The end to poverty initiative

Eight Core International Labour Organisation (ILO) Conventions

India has ratified six out of the eight fundamental ILO Conventions.
These are:
  • Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138)
  • Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182).
  • Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100)
  • Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29)
  • Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105)
  • Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958 (No. 111)

India has not ratified the core/fundamental Conventions, namely

  • Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention, 1948 (No. 87)
  • Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98).

The main reason for non-ratification of ILO Conventions No.87 & 98 is due to certain restrictions imposed on the Government servants. The ratification of these conventions would involve granting of certain rights that are prohibited under the statutory rules, for the Government employees, namely,
  • to freely join foreign organizations
  • to strike work
  • to openly criticize Government policies,
  • to freely accept financial contribution,