International Organization for Migration (IOM)
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is an intergovernmental organization that provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants, including internally displaced refugees, persons, and migrant workers. In September 2016, it became a related organization of the United Nations. It was initially created in 1951 as the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration (ICEM) to help resettle people displaced by World War II. It is the principal intergovernmental organization working in the field of migration. India is a member of IOM.
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Mission of IOM
- To help in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, be they refugees, displaced persons or other uprooted people
- To promote humane and orderly migration by providing services and advice to governments and migrants
- The IOM Constitution gives explicit recognition to the link between migration and economic, social and cultural development.
- IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues.
Focus area of IOM
- Regulating migration,
- Migration and development,
- Addressing forced migration.
- Facilitating migration,
Function of IOM
- The promotion of international migration law,
- Protection of migrantsí rights,
- Migration health
- Policy debate and guidance,
- The gender dimension of migration.
- In addition, IOM has often organized elections for refugees out of their home country, as was the case in the 2004 Afghan elections and the 2005 Iraqi elections.