Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)
The Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) is a multilateral export control regime. It is an informal political understanding among 35 member states that seek to limit the expansion of missiles and missile technology. The MTCR seeks to limit the peril of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) by controlling exports of goods and technologies that could make a contribution to delivery systems (other than manned aircraft) for such weapons. In this context, the MTCR places particular focus on rockets and unmanned aerial vehicles capable of delivering a payload of at least 500 kg to a range of at least 300 km and on equipment, software, and technology for such systems.
The MTCR is not a treaty and does not impose any legally binding obligations on members. Rather, it is an informal political understanding among states that seek to limit the proliferation of missiles and missile technology. India- Admitted in 2016 and China is not a member. MTCR decisions including decisions on membership require a consensus decision by all current Regime members.
|Founding members||G-7 industrialized countries (USA, UK, France, Germany, Canada, Italy, and Japan)|
The voluntary MTCR aims:
- Set-up a norm against missiles that could be armed with chemical, biological, or nuclear warheads
- To limit the spread of ballistic missiles and other unmanned delivery systems that could be used for biological, nuclear and chemical attacks
Importance of India to joining MTCR
- ISRO can access the forbidden cryogenic technology from Russia which is required for the space exploration operations.
- India can buy high-end and state-of-the-art missile technology and run joint programmes for the development of unmanned aerial vehicles with other countries.
- India can sell its missiles to other non-member countries with comparative ease.
- India has joined MTCR also agreed to join the Hague Code of conduct and strengthen India's case for joining other multilateral export control regimes like Australia Group, Wassenaar arrangement, and Nuclear Suppliers Group.
- MTCR membership can be used as a bargaining chip against China which is not a full member of the regime and aspiring to be one as it has blocked India’s way to NSG.
- Membership in MTCR supports India to join other nuclear regimes like Australia Group and Wassenaar Group, however, NSG bod opposed by China
- MTCR membership would improve India’s stature among world nations, especially because India is a non-signatory of both NPT and CTBT that are necessary for membership
- India will get to play a role in decision-making process of the global body and it would help India to address some of our concerns especially with Pakistan’s nuclear program and promote our interest.