Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) | IAS Target IAS Target

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)

The OIC previously the Organisation of the Islamic Conference is now an international organization established in 1969 and holding a total of 57 member states. Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) has a combined population of 1.8 billion in 2015 with 49 countries. The organisation clears that it is “the collective voice of the Muslim world”. It works to safeguard "safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony". The OIC has permanent designation to the European Union and the United Nations.

Facts about OIC:

Establishment 25 September 1969
Headquarters Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Member States 57
Official languages Arabic, English, French


  • The OIC intends to preserve Islamic economic and social values, increase cooperation in economic, scientific, social, and political areas, promote harmony amongst member states, advance education especially in the areas of science and technology, and so on.
  • The OIC emblem contains three key elements that reflect its mission as incorporates in its new charters. These elements are the Globe, the Crescent, and the Kaaba.
  • The revised charter of OIC set out to promote fundamental freedoms, good governance, and human rights in all the member states.

Structure and Organisation:

The OIC system consists of-
  • Islamic Summit
  • Secretary-General
  • Permanent Secretariat
  • Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers

OIC Relationship with India:

After Hinduism, Islam is the second-largest religion in India, with about 15 percent of the country’s population. At present, India is the country with the largest Muslim population than other Muslim-majority countries. Though India’s cooperation with Pakistan has always been stressful, and it directly affects India-OIC relations, with Pakistan as a founding member of the OIC. Besides, India has forced itself for the OIC to accept India as a member, debating that almost 11 percent of all Muslims worldwide reside in India. Still, Pakistan opposes the entry of India into the OIC.
The reason behind the opposition to India’s entry into the OIC is the human rights issues and troubles faced by the Kashmiris in the Jammu and Kashmir (An Indian Union Territory). For the first time in 5 decades, the UAE invited Foreign Minister of India to attend the inaugural plenary 46th meeting of OIC Foreign Ministers. This meeting was held in Abu Dhabi, and at the same time Pakistan boycotted the meeting to oppose India's invitation. Swaraj addressed the meet increased concern for propagation terrorism. Pakistan nullified this development and demanded India’s removal from the summit citing the Kashmir dispute and Indian infringement in the airspace of Pakistan. While India has declared that it has evidence for its strikes in the form of SAR imagery. The organisation of Islamic Cooperation called an emergency meeting of the Kashmir contact group on the appeal of Pakistan. The meeting was held on February 26, 2019, and there OIC suggested restraint to India and Pakistan.