Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction(2015 2030) | IAS Target IAS Target

Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction(2015 2030)

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (20152030) is an international document that was adopted by UN member states between 14th and 18th of March 2015 at the World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in Sendai, Japan, and approved by the UN General Assembly in June 2015. It is the successor pact to the Hyogo Framework for Action (20052015), which had been the most encompassing international accord to date on disaster risk reduction.
The Sendai Framework (2015-30) applies to the risk of small-scale and large-scale, sudden and slow-onset, frequent and infrequent disasters caused by natural or man-made hazards, as well as related environmental, technological and biological hazards and risks. Sendai Framework was endorsed by the UN General Assembly following the 2015 Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR). Its objective to guide the multi-hazard management of disaster risk in development at all levels.

Stakeholders involved for the preparation of Sendai Framework

The Sendai document emerged from three years of talks, assisted by the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. Stakeholders involved
  • UN member states
  • NGOs
  • Govt, private and others interest groups calls for an improved version of the existing Hyogo Framework (2005-15).

Member states also emphasized the need to tackle disaster risk reduction and climate change adaption when setting the Sustainable Development Goals, particularly in light of an insufficient focus on risk reduction and resilience in the original Millennium Development Goals.

Priorities set by The Sendai Framework:

  • Understanding disaster risk;
  • Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk;
  • Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience;
  • Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response,
  • to "Build Back Better" in recovery, reconstruction and rehabilitation.

Targets set under Sendai framework

  • Substantially reduce the number of affected people globally by 2030, aiming to lower the average global figure per 100,000 between 2020-2030 compared to 2005-2015;
  • Substantially reduce global disaster mortality by 2030, aiming to lower average per 100,000 global mortality between 2020-2030 compared to 2005-2015;
  • Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to global gross domestic product by 2030;
  • Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, among them health and educational facilities, including through developing their resilience by 2030;
  • Substantially increase the availability of and access to multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information and assessments to the people by 2030.
  • Substantially increase the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020;
  • Substantially develop international cooperation to developing countries through adequate and sustainable support to complement their national actions for implementation of the framework by 2030

What new in Sendai Framework

  • For the first time the goals are defined in terms of outcome-based targets instead of actions and activities.
  • It places governments at the center of disaster risk reduction with the framework emphasizing the need to strengthen the disaster risk governance.
  • There is significant shift from earlier emphasis on disaster management to addressing disaster risk management itself by focusing on the underlying drivers of risk.
  • It places almost equal importance on all types of disasters whether natural or man-made and not only on those arising from natural hazards.
  • In addition to social vulnerability, it pays considerable attention to environmental aspects through a strong identification the implementation of integrated environmental and natural resource management approaches are required for disaster reduction

Stakeholder's role in acheiving targets under Sendai Framework (2015-30)

  • Women and their participation is critical for effectively managing disaster risk and designing, resourcing, and implementing gender-sensitive disaster risk reduction policies, plans and programmes.
  • Children and youth require to involve and give responsibilities for disaster risk reduction.
  • Older persons have years of knowledge, wisdom, skills, and their experiences valuable to reduce disaster risk, and their experiences should include when designing policies regarding disaster risk reduction.
  • Indigenous peoples and their traditional knowledge also aid in the development and execution of plans and detecting early warning to reduce losses from disaster
  • Academia, scientific and research entities, and networks need to concentrate on the disaster risk factors.
  • Business, professional associations, and private sector financial institutions as well as philanthropic foundations need to unite disaster risk management into business models and practices through disaster-risk-informed investments.
  • Media need to take an active and inclusive role in contributing to the raising of public awareness and understanding and disseminate accurate and non-sensitive disaster risk, hazard, and disaster information, including on small-scale disasters.

Some facts about losses occurs in last decade (2005-15)

  • Around 7.2 lakhs people died, over 14 lakhs got injured and approximately 2.3 crore lost everything like home, family, etc due to disaster.
  • Women, children, and older people are most vulnerable and they affected most due to disaster.
  • Recurring small-scale disasters and slow-onset disasters particularly affect communities, households, and small and medium-sized enterprises, constituting a high percentage of all losses.
  • Disaster has implication on economic, social, health, cultural, and the environment in the short, medium, and long term, especially at the local and community levels.
  • While the global community failed to achieve all targets under MDG, but if all countries commit to work collectively and focus on the Sendai framework then this will also help to achieve targets under Sustainable Development Goals (2015-30).