Shangri-La Dialogue (SLD) | IAS Target IAS Target

Shangri-La Dialogue (SLD)

The IISS Asia Security Summit: The Shangri-La Dialogue (SLD) is a "Track One" inter-governmental security forum held annually by an independent think tank, the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) which is attended by defense ministers, permanent heads of ministries, and military chiefs of 28 Asia-Pacific states. The forum gets its name from the Shangri-La Hotel in Singapore where it has been held since 2002. The summit serves to cultivate a sense of community among the most important policymakers in the defence and security community in the region. Government delegations have made the best out of the meeting by holding bilateral meetings with other delegations on the sidelines of the conference. While primarily an inter-governmental meeting, the summit is also attended by legislators, academic experts, business delegates, and distinguished journalists.

The participants have included:

Australia Brunei Cambodia Canada Chile China
France Germany India Indonesia Japan Laos
Malaysia Mongolia Myanmar (Burma) New Zealand Pakistan Philippines
Russia South Korea Sri Lanka Singapore Sweden Thailand
East Timor United Kingdom United States Vietnam

Indian PM Shri Narendra Modi speech

  • Increasing engagement with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
  • Pursuing interests with Australia
  • Engaging more with the U.S.
  • Developing friendship with China
  • Maintaining cordial ties with Russia

Indo-Pacific Region and its Importance

  • Indo-Pacific is a “natural region” ranging “from the shores of Africa to that of the America.
  • Increasing use of the term Indo-Pacific recognizes India’s influence and role in this region.
  • A “stable, secure and prosperous Indo-Pacific Region” is an “important pillar” of India’s strategic partnership with the United States, Japan, Australia and other countries of the region.
  • ASEAN is one of the important player in the Indo-Pacific.
  • The US military has renamed its Pacific Command to US Indo-Pacific Command.
  • The emphasis shown by the US on the ‘Indo-Pacific’ can be termed as its strategic initiative towards India.
  • The Pentagon has already started using the new term in the US official documents, this shows how India can influence international affairs in 21st century and India's position in USA geopolitics.
  • United States, India, Japan, and Australia — the “Quad” group — is emphasizing “Indo-Pacific” as a new strategic space.

India's role in Indo-pacific region

  • India’s “Act East” policy of stepped-up activity with the ASEAN region:
    India’s work with the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium, the Indian Ocean Rim Association, and a series of regional organizations in which India participates:
    • The East Asia Summit,
    • ASEAN Defense Ministers Meeting Plus (the “Plus” includes countries outside of ASEAN)
    • ASEAN Regional Forum.
  • India’s participation in organizations “bridging South and Southeast Asia”:
    The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation and the Mekong-Ganga Economic Corridor. Our trade in the region is growing rapidly, and a significant part of our overseas investments flow in this direction. ASEAN alone accounts for over 20%.

Strengthening Global Order

Globalisation (Key to development):
This is a world of inter-dependent fortunes and failures. No nation can shape and secure it on its own. It is a world that summons us to rise above divisions and competition to work together. Western countries talk of protectionism, they should feel that this not in the interest of anyone. We able to alleviate poverty and higher per capita income, and this becomes possible due to globalization. Solutions cannot be found behind walls of protection, but in embracing change. What we seek is a level playing field for all. India stands for an open and stable international trade regime.


  • India should walk on tight rope and balancing relationship with major stakeholder in the region like USA, Japan, China etc
  • China's military build-up in the South China Sea and its sweeping territorial claims across the strategic waterway.
  • China is keeping a close watch at India’s engagement through strategic dialogues, military exercises and security agreements with various Indo-Pacific countries.