United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) | IAS Target IAS Target

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is a specialized agency in the United Nations system. The mission of UNIDO, as portrayed in the Lima Declaration adopted at the 15th session of the UNIDO General Conference in 2013, is to promote and accelerate inclusive and sustainable industrial development (ISID) in the Member States. It is also a member of the United Nations Development Group.

Mission

  • Reducing poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals (now sustainable development goals)

  • Promotion and acceleration of industrial development in developing countries and countries with economies in transition
  • Competitive and environmentally sustainable industry
  • Promotion of international industrial cooperation
  • Improving the quality of life of the world’s poor by drawing on its combined global resources and expertise in the following three interrelated thematic areas:
    • Poverty reduction through productive activities;
    • Trade capacity-building;
    • Energy and environment.

Function

  • Helps developing countries in the formulation of development, institutional, scientific and technological policies and programmes in the field of industrial development;
  • Analyzes trends, disseminates information and coordinates activities in their industrial development;
  • Acts as a forum for consultations and negotiations directed towards the industrialization of developing countries;
  • Works with member countries specially in developing countries, with governments, business associations and individual companies.
  • Provides technical cooperation to developing countries for improving their development plans for sustainable industrialization in their public, private and cooperative sectors.

Headquartered Vienna, Austria
Parent organization United Nations Economic and Social Council
Member 168 States are Members of UNIDO including India
Report Industrial development report

Governance

The policy-making organs of UNIDO are based on their predecessors that were effective prior to UNIDO becoming a specialized agency. Thus, the General Conference, the Industrial Development Board (IDB) and the Programme and Budget Committee (PBC) are anchored in the Constitution. Substantive decisions of the policy-making organs are generally taken by consensus. A vote takes place when no consensus can be reached or on specific request of a member of the policy-making organ

General Conference The Conference is the highest policy-making organ of the Organization and consists of all Member States of UNIDO. It meets every two years and approves the programme and budgets, appoints the Director-General for a period of four years.
Industrial Development Board (IDB) The Board meets once in Conference years and twice in other years, and consists of 53 Member States of the Organization that is elected for a four-year term. Among its other main functions, the Board suggests to the Conference a scale of assessments, as well as a candidate for the post of Director-General.
Programme and Budget Committee (PBC) The Committee consists of 27 Member States of the Organization that are nominated for a two-year term and meets at least once a year to consider, inter alia, the proposals of the Director-General for the programme of work and corresponding estimates for the regular and operational budgets.