United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) IAS Target

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)

Formerly known as United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund is a special program of the UN devoted to supporting national efforts to improve the health, education, nutrition, and general welfare of children. It was created in 1946 to provide relief to children in countries devastated by World War II. In 1953, it became a permanent part of the United Nations System. After 1950, it directed its efforts toward general programs for the improvement of children’s welfare, particularly in less-developed countries and various emergency situations. Its broader mission was reflected in the present name adopted in 1953. UNICEF programs have been guided by the Convention on Rights of the Child (1989), which asserts the right of all children to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to facilities for treatment of illness and rehabilitation of health.

Mandate

  • UNICEF’s efforts are focused on zones in which relatively small expenditures, but have significant impact on lives of the most disadvantaged children, such as the prevention and treatment of disease.
  • It provides funding for health services, educational facilities and other welfare services.
  • It supports immunization programs for childhood diseases and programs to shield spread of HIV/AIDS.
  • Most of UNICEF's work is in the field, with a presence in 192 countries and territories.

Governance

A 36-member executive board establishes policies, approves programs, and oversees administrative and financial plans. The executive board consists of government representatives who are elected by the United Nations Economic and Social Council, usually for three-year terms.

Headquartered New York City
Reports
  • The state of world children report
  • Report on regular resources

Parent organization

  • United Nations General Assembly
  • United Nations Economic and Social Council

Important facts

  • The Indira Gandhi Prize in 1989
  • Nobel Prize for Peace to UNICEF in 1965.
  • The Prince of Asturias Award of Concord in 2006.

UNICEF raise resources from

  • Govt
  • Private institutions