Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer is a joint environmental agreement that provided frameworks for international reductions in the production of chlorofluorocarbons due to their contribution to the destruction of the ozone layer which in turn a risk of skin cancer. Currently, the COP meets every three years and coordinates with the timing of a similar meeting rendered under the Montreal Protocol. A Multilateral Fund exists to succor developing nations’ transition from ozone-depleting chemicals using guidelines under the convention, which is run by a Multilateral Fund Secretariat.
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Why focus on Cholorofluoro Carbon
Research states that the man-made chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) reduce and transfer ozone molecules into the atmosphere. CFCs are stable molecules composed of fluorine, chlorine, and carbon that was used highly in products such as refrigerators. The threats associated with reduced ozone pushed the issue to the forefront of global climate issues and gained promotion through organizations such as the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations.
The Vienna Convention was agreed upon at the Vienna Conference of 1985 and came into force in 1988. The Vienna Convention provided the framework necessary to form regulatory measures in the form of the Montreal Protocol. Vienna convention is one of the most successful treaties of all time, having been ratified by 197 states as well as the European Union. While not a binding agreement, it acts as a framework for the international efforts to safeguard the ozone layer; however, it doesn’t include legally binding reduction goals for the use of CFCs, the main chemical agents causing ozone depletion.
Provision of Vienna convention
- The COP uses the data assessed to recommend new policies aimed at limiting CFC emissions.
- The international sharing of climate and atmospheric research to promote knowledge of the effects on the ozone layer.
- The creation of a panel of governmental atmospheric experts known as the Meeting of Ozone Research Managers, which assesses ozone depletion and climate change research and generates a report for the Conference of Parties (COP).
- The pact calls for the adoption of international agencies to assess the harmful effects of depleted ozone and the promotion of policies that regulate the production of harmful substances that affect the ozone layer.