WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC)
The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) is the first international treaty negotiated under the sponsorship of WHO. It was adopted by the World Health Assembly on 21 May 2003 and came into existence on 27 February 2005. WHO FCTC treaty was adopted by the 56th World Health Assembly held in Geneva, Switzerland on 21 May 2003. It has since become one of the most rapidly and widely embraced treaties in United Nations history. The WHO FCTC was developed in response to the globalization of the tobacco epidemic and is an evidence-based treaty, reaffirms the rights of all people to the highest standard of health. The Convention represents a milestone for the promotion of public health and provides new legal dimensions for international health cooperation.
WHO-FCTC campaign against
- The impact of all kinds of sponsorship, promotion, and advertising aimed at encouraging tobacco use
- The dramatic increase in worldwide tobacco consumption;
- The appreciation in smoking and other forms of tobacco consumption by children and adolescents
FCTC is a supranational agreement that seeks
- One of the first multilateral, non-communicable disease, and binding agreements regarding a chronic.
- To protect present and future generations from the devastating health, environmental, social, and economic consequences of tobacco consumption
- The treaty's provisions include rules that administer the allocation, production, sale, advertisement, and taxation of tobacco.
- WHO Framework Convention for Tobacco Control (FCTC) as an essential part of the post 2015 sustainable development goals (SDGs).
- Prevent exposure to tobacco smoke" by enacting a set of universal standards stating the dangers of tobacco and limiting its use in all forms worldwide.
- WHO FCTC is the first global evidence-based public health agreement that identifies the rights of all people to the highest standard of health.
India and WHO-FCTC
- India ratified the treaty on 5th February 2004 and is therefore obligated to comply with the treaty provisions and its guidelines to lessen tobacco consumption globally.
- Government of India has established a Global Knowledge Hub on Smokeless Tobacco at National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research (NICPR). This hub serves as a repository of knowledge related to smokeless tobacco.
- India has been the forerunner in ratification of this public health agreement and was the 7th Country to ratify the Convention in 2004.
- India provided a leadership role in the negotiations of FCTC and was also the Regional Coordinator for the South-East Asia Region.
7th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP7)
The 7th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP7) was held in Delhi. It is the first event that a COP meeting was held in India. COP7 brings together the FCTC’s parties – this includes almost every country in the world, as well as regional economic integration organizations like the European Union.
- The FCTC set up two principal bodies to supervise the functioning of the treaty:
- the Conference of the parties
- the permanent Secretariat.
- The Conference of the Parties (COP) is the Governing Body of the WHO FCTC and is composed of all Parties to the Convention. The regular sessions of COP are held at two yearly intervals.
- CoP regular review the implementation of the Convention and makes the decisions necessary to promote its effective implementation, and may also adopt protocols, annexes and amendments to the Convention.
- There are over 50 different intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations who are official observers to the Conference of the Parties.
In 2012, a supplementary Protocol to abolish illegal Trade in Tobacco Products to the Convention was concluded in Seoul, South Korea. The Protocol will enter into force after it has been ratified by 40 states that have ratified the Convention. In July 2017, there are 28 signatures and the Protocol is reuniting more countries every year.