World Food Programme (WFP) | IAS Target IAS Target

World Food Programme (WFP)

The World Food Programme (WFP) is the food-assistance branch of the United Nations and the world's largest humanitarian organization addressing hunger and promoting food security. According to the WFP, it provides food assistance to an average of 91.4 million people in 83 countries each year. The WFP works to help people who cannot produce or obtain enough food for themselves and their families. It is a member of the UNDP and part of its executive committee. The European Union is a permanent observer in the WFP

Formation 19 December 1961
Headquarters Rome
Parent organization United Nations General Assembly

Goals of WFP

The WFP strives to eradicate hunger and malnutrition, with the ultimate goal in mind of eliminating the need for food aid itself.
  • "Save lives and protect livelihoods in emergencies"
  • "Support food security and nutrition and (re)build livelihoods in fragile settings and following emergencies"
  • "Reduce risk and enable people, communities and countries to meet their own food and nutrition needs"
  • "Reduce under-nutrition and break the inter-generational cycle of hunger"
  • "Zero Hunger in 2069"

WFP food aid is also directed to fight micronutrient deficiencies, reduce child mortality, improve maternal health, and combat disease, including HIV and AIDS. Food-for-work programmes help promote environmental and economic stability and agricultural production.


  • Governments of the world
  • Corporations
  • Private donors.


  • The WFP is governed by an executive board which consists of representatives from 36 member states.
  • The Executive Director, appointed jointly by the UN Secretary General and the director-general of the FAO for a five-year term.
  • He heads the secretariat of the WFP.