IAS Target

News Paper Article - 02/09/2021

01 Jan 1970

Category : Daily Current Affairs

    Have you ever be aware of the fact that India is only one of the G20 nations that constantly follows the Paris agreement on climate change(Dec 2020). Even India has ranked consecutively 2 times under ten in the climate change performance index. This performance has been evaluated by an independent body and checks for the performance of the countries that emit 90%+ of the greenhouse gases. India has even launched the Ujala scheme which is the world's largest 0 subsidies LED bulb mission for its citizens.

    Comparison with the World:

    Despite all such efforts still, there are global pressures to India to commit to more in the 2021 COP26 meeting Conference to be held at Glasglow. Earlier Alok Sharma who is the president of the COP26 together with John Kerry, Envoy for climate change visit India to address several important economies to commit meaningful reduction by 2030.
    All such acts raise the question that it is needed to pressurize India for its contribution. We are at such a stage of climate change where anyone can compare the good results of India with any other country. Climate change has to be global and everyone should have a fair share in this as everyone will be benefited from this improving climate.
    If we look at the history as per the bank data for Co2 emissions under the Kyoto protocol explained that as examining the current rates both the US and China can emit 5 times more than India by the year 2030. Also, the emissions of the US will be one and half times that of India and Brazil due to its forest can have similar levels.

    About US and China:

    China, the world’s largest emitter of GHG joins a ‘Race to zero’ commitment to counter carbon emissions by the year 2060. But it also hopes that its CO2 emission will be at its peak by the year 2030 to bend its emission curve. As per Climate Action Tracker which is an independent analysis to track the government actions said that China still is depending on coal which many countries have declined and is still the home for the world’s half coal capacity.
    Recently the US also joined the Paris agreement and committed to reducing the emissions by 50% to 52% to 0% by 2050. But such legislation is not easy as such a task will involve more of the near-term investment than the released infrastructure package of the US president Joe Bi-den which is $23 trillion.

    About France and Australia:

    Due to the impact of the corona virus, the French Government has promoted green conditions by halting its aviation industries. However, there are not enough facts for reduction of the emission as domestic flights were continued and the measures that were taken in the rail sector are not been clear.
    In 2018, an Australian Prime minister has lost his chair on giving a proposal regarding climate change and its emission reduction target. The complications in domestic policy in this country prevent them from addressing such problems. The country is vulnerable and also the stretches of the Great barrier Reef have declined in recent years. It was the third instance when any prime minister was brought down only because he has raised the climate issue. It is an issue that why it is difficult for the Australian Government to develop policies related to climate issues.


    Talking About India:

    In comparison with the rest of the world, it can be said that India is still on track and also achieved the commitment of the NDC to achieve about 40% of non-fossil fuel-based power generation. The same share was 38.18% in Nov 2020. India has also voluntarily said to reduce the GDP of emission by 20% to 25% and has reduced to 24% between 2005-2016. Moreover this target of achieved with only 2% of US $100 billion that the US has committed to all the developing nations in the year 2009 at Copenhagen.
    As part of this effort, India has even planned to achieve 175 GW of energy through renewable sources by the year 2022 and nearly 450 GW by 2030. India is also be involved in post-pandemic revival to protect the environment. Also, India has announced a $26.5 billion investment in biogas and such clean fuels, $3.5 billion in solar photovoltaic generation and advanced cell battery, and $780 for the afforestation program.
    Many analysts feel that India should show these actions globally. But we can appreciate India as it is providing a relationship for establishing International Solar Alliance which is a coalition for solar-rich countries, Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure, etc. Although several nations pressurize India for not meeting the Paris agreement goals, India still follows the rule of fewer than 2 degrees warming target. India’s share of global emissions is far below the rest of the world.
    Summing up, India has proved to perform well in its fight for emissions. Other countries should complete their promises to show effective results in COP26. Every nation must fight for climate change and its not the responsibility of only few countries.

Posted by : IAS Target