Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa (18 February 1836 – 16 August 1886) born Ramakrishna "Gadadhar" Chattopadhyay) was an Indian Hindu mystic and saint in 19th century Bengal. Ramakrishna experienced spiritual ecstasies from a young age, and was influenced by several religious traditions, including devotion toward the goddess Kali, Tantra (shakta), Vaishnava (bhakti), and Advaita Vedanta. Reverence and admiration for him among Bengali elites led to his chief disciple Swami Vivekananda founding the Ramakrishna Math, which provides spiritual training for monastics and householder devotees and the Ramakrishna Mission to provide charity work and education.
Paramhansa's Early Life
Ramakrishna was born in the village of Kamarpukur, in the Hooghly district of West Bengal, into a very poor, pious, and orthodox Brahmin family. His parents were Khudiram Chattopadhyay and Chandramani Devi. According to his followers, Ramakrishna's parents experienced supernatural incidents and visions before his birth. Ramakrishna rejected the traditional schooling saying that he was not interested in a "bread-winning education". Paramhansa came into contact with renunciates and holy men. He became well-versed in the Puranas, the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, and the Bhagavata Purana, hearing them from wandering monks and the Kathaks—a class of men in ancient India who preached and sang the Puraṇas.
Ramakrishna’s Religious Ideology:
His thinking was deeply rooted in Indian thought and culture, although he recognized the Truth in all religions. He considered and emphasized that Krishna, Hari, Rama, Christ, and Allah are different names of the same God. Ramkrishna stressed on Devotion to God was the ultimate goal of the mind through love. Ramkrishan was in favour of image worship but he never emphasised the symbols or rituals. He stood for selfless devotion to God with a view to the ultimate absorption in Him. The spirituality and compassion for suffering humanity inspired those who listened to him. Faith and self-surrender essential feature to realize God.
According to the Ramkrishan, the God to be attained through love could be personal, conceived in any image and God could be formless or in any forms. True religion accommodated any amount of freedom in the love of God. Ramakrishna aimed to remove all kinds of dogmatism by following genuine liberalism that was section of orthodoxy blindly upheld. The Vedas, the Upanishads, the Sutras and the Shastras, the Faiths and doctrines of the worshippers of Siva, Shakti, or Vishnu—everything was merely the quest of that Eternal Being. Ramakrishna broke the barriers, which separated various Hindu cults and took them together towards a search for the Reality.
Ramakrishna Mission’s Movement:
The movement represented by Ramakrishna and his disciples Vivekananda was the result of an inner resurgence of the Hindu spirit to recover and reassert itself. Ever since its inception, the Ramakrishna Mission has always been in the forefront of social reforms.
Ramkrishna Social and Moral Philosophy
Ramkrishan advocated for social work like to serve poor and deprieved. If you help needy person, it is the real worship of God.