Global Gender Gap Report 2021

The Global Gender Gap Report was first published in 2006 by the World Economic Forum. The 2021 report covers 156 major and emerging economies. The Global Gender Gap Index is an index designed to measure gender equality. The report examines four overall areas of inequality between men and women in 156 economies around the globe, over 94% of the world's population:
Economic participation and opportunity Outcomes on salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment
Educational attainment Outcomes on access to basic and higher level education
Political empowerment Outcomes on representation in decision-making structure
Health and survival Outcomes on life expectancy and sex ratio
In this case parity is not assumed, there are assumed to be fewer female births than male (944 female for every 1,000 males), and men are assumed to die younger. Provided that women live at least six percent longer than men, parity is assumed. But if it is less than six percent it counts as a gender gap.

Global gender gap report - 2021

Iceland ranked the highest followed by Finland and Norway. Gender parity is fundamental to whether and how economies and societies thrive. Ensuring the full development and appropriate deployment of half of the world’s total talent pool has a vast bearing on the growth, competitiveness and future-readiness of economies and businesses worldwide. The Global Gender Gap Report benchmarks 37 countries already at parity and 149 countries on their progress towards gender parity across four thematic dimensions: Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment. In addition, this year’s edition studies skills gender gaps related to Artificial Intelligence (AI).