State of World Population report

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State of World Population Report

The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has recently launched its annual flagship report State of World Population-2019. Report titled “Unfinished business the pursuit of rights and choices” 2019 report describe issues and information about population worldwide. This UNFPA report informs that India’s population grew at an average annual rate of 1.2 per cent between 2010 and 2019 to 1.36 billion, more than double the annual growth rate of China. China’s population grew at an average annual rate of 0.5 per cent between 2010 and 2019.
UNFPA report says despite global gains in securing sexual and reproductive rights over the past 50 years, many population groups are still left behind. Activists, advocates, public health specialists and many others have pushed relentlessly for the transformations we see around us today, but much remains to be done.

India and World Population report

According to a report by the United Nations Population Fund, India’s population grew at an average annual rate of 1.2 per cent between 2010 and 2019 to 1.36 billion. In comparison, China’s population stood at 1.42 billion in 2019, growing from 1.23 billion in 1994 and 803.6 million in 1969.

India

1969 1994 2019
TFR (total fertility rate) per woman 5.6 3.7 2.3
Life expectancy at birth (in years) 47 60 69
The report said 27 per cent of the country’s population was in the age bracket of 0-14 years and 10-24 years each, while 67 per cent of the country’s population was in the 15-64 age bracket. However, six per cent of the country’s population is of the age 65 and above.

Global Findings

  • Report says that the world’s population in 1969 was growing at about 2 per cent a year. At that rate, it would almost double within the next 25 years.
  • About 35 million women, girls and young people will need life-saving sexual and reproductive health services this year, as well as services to address gender-based violence, in humanitarian settings.
  • Every day, more than 500 women and girls including in countries with emergency settings, die during pregnancy and childbirth, due to the absence of skilled birth attendants or emergency obstetric procedures.
  • Education enhances women’s understanding of their place in society, provides them with the skills and information to exercise their voice in relationships, and enables them to negotiate for their own interests.
  • Every day, more than 500 women and girls including in countries with emergency settings, die during pregnancy.
Highlighting positive changes in the last half-century, the report shows that in 1969, the average number of births per woman was 4.8, compared with 2.9 in 1994, and 2.5 today.
State of World Population Report-2019: UNFPA