SSC CGL Syllabus 2023

SSC CGL 2023 Exam Pattern
Staff Selection Commission of India will be conducting SSC CGL 2023 Exam in four stages:

While Tier-I & Tier-II exam will be conducted online, Tier-III will be a pen and paper based exam and Tier-IV will be a computer skill test. Let\'s have a look at the exam pattern for all these stages of SC CGL 2023 Recruitment process one by one.

SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam Pattern

SSC CGL 2023 Tier-1 will be conducted from 14th July to 27th July 2023. The exam will be conducted online comprising of 4 sections with about a 100 questions in total and with maximum marks of 200. The entire exam is needed to be completed in a time span of 60 minutes.

The sections asked in SSC CGL Tier-I Exam are:

  • General Intelligence & Reasoning
  • General Awareness
  • Quantitative Aptitude
  • English Comprehension
Serial No. Sections No. of Questions Total Marks Time Allotted
1 General Intelligence and Reasoning 25 50 A cumulative time of 60 minutes
2 General Awareness 25 50
3 Quantitative Aptitude 25 50
4 English Comprehension 25 50
Total 100 200
General Intelligence and Reasoning

It would include questions of both verbal and non-verbal type. This component may include questions on.

Analogies, similarities and differences, space visualization, spatial orientation, problem solving, analysis, judgement, decision making, visual memory, discrimination, observation, relationship concepts, arithmetical reasoning and figural classification, arithmetic number series, non-verbal series, coding and decoding, statement conclusion, syllogistic reasoning etc.

Although there is verbal and non-verbal reasoning in the syllabus but one has to distinguish between Bank PO Reasoning and SSC reasoning, this reasoning require only mental ability, of course it is quite simpler than Bank PO reasoning. Candidate can solve this section merely applying owns I.Q. You dont have to master in reasoning, but it require lots of practice. Just practice.

  • Analogy
  • Classification
  • Series
  • Coding-Decoding
  • Blood Relations
  • Direction Sense Test
  • Logical Venn Diagram
  • Alphabet Test
  • Sitting Arrangement
  • Mathematical Operations
  • Arithematical Reasoning
  • Asserting And Missing Charachters
  • Numbers,Ranking and Time Sequence Test
  • Syllogism
  • Logical Sequence Of Words
  • Alpha-Numeric Sequence Test
  • Puzzle Test
General Awareness

This section is considered to be one of the high scoring sections of SSC CGL Exam. It aims at testing the candidates general awareness of the environment around him/her and its application to society. Questions from current affairs taking place around the world and in India will also be a part of this section. Below are the major topics covered in SSC CGL Tier-I exam under the General Awareness Section:

History -

Facts about Harappa Civilization; Vedic culture; Name of the Kings who built important ancient Temples and Institutions like Nalanda; Chronology of Medieval India and their important systems; India's freedom Movement and their leaders.

Geography -

India and its neighboring countries; Famous Seaport and Airport and their location; the important institution of world and India and their locations like BRICS, World Bank, IMF and RBI etc.

Economy -

Terminology of Budget (like National Income, GDP, Fiscal Deficit and many more); Five Year Plan and its importance; Famous persons in economy; Institutions and their importance like RBI, SEBI etc.


Important Inventions and their inventor; Important and Interesting facts about human body parts; Nutrition in Animals and Plants; Diseases and their causes like Bacteria; Viruses and Protozoa; Last four chapter of NCERT of Class 12th for environment.


Supreme Court; Meaning of Write; Election of President and his functions; Important constitution bodies like CAG; Facts about parliament; Fundamental Duties; Governor and his functions; State legislature; Major Constitutional amendments and their importance; Official Language; Emergency Provisions; National political parties and their symbols.


Chemical Properties of Substance and their uses; SI units; Chemical Name of Important substances like Plaster of Paris etc.; Chemical Change and Physical Change; Properties of Gases; Surface Chemistry; Chemistry in Everyday life.


Important inventions and their inventor; S.I. units; Motion; Sound; light; Wave; Energy; Electricity.


Development of computers; Input and output devices; Memory.


Population Census; Important books and their writers; First sports achievement for India and world like first Olympic, first Asian Game etc.; State Animals and Symbols; Awards and their importance; Name of the Scientist who got Noble prize for important discoveries.

Quantitative Aptitude

The questions will be designed to test the ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate. The scope of the test will be computation of whole

Numbers, decimals, fractions and relationships between numbers, Percentage , Ratio & Proportion , Square roots Averages , Interest , Profit and Loss , Discount, Partnership Business , Mixture and Alligation , Time and distance , Time & Work , Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds, Graphs of Linear Equations, Triangle and its various kinds of centres, Congruence and similarity of triangles, Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles, Triangle, Quadrilaterals, Regular Polygons , Circle, Right Prism, Right Circular Cone, Right Circular Cylinder, Sphere, Hemispheres, Rectangular Parallelepiped, Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base, Trigonometric ratio, Degree and Radian Measures, Standard Identities, Complementary angles, Heights and Distances, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bar diagram & Pie chart.

English Language and Comprehension

SSC CGL to be honest has no particular format and syllabus for English. However I will jot down the topics from where maximum questions are asked.

This section tests the candidates ability to understand correct grammar usage, vocabulary usage and basic comprehension skills. Here is the list of topics covered in English Language and Comprehension Section of SSC CGL Tier-I Exam:
  • Vocab (synonyms ,antonyms)
  • Fill in the blanks with appropriate form/words, cloze test
  • Error Spotting
  • Para jumble
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Passive Voice change
  • Narration change
  • Phrase meaning
  • One word substitution
  • Idioms
  • Spelling spotting
  • These are the basics to look into while preparing for English.

SSC CGL Tier-II Syllabus 2022-23

SSC CGL 2022-23 Tier-II exam is an objective exam which will be conducted online. The exam comprises of four Papers.

  • Quantitative Abilities
  • English Language and Comprehension
  • Statistics
  • General Studies (Finance & Economics).

The time duration for each Paper is 2 Hours. The section-wise details of the exam are shown in the table given below:

Paper Subject No. of Questions Max Marks Exam Duration
1 Quantitative Abilities 100 200 2 Hours
2 English Language and Comprehension 200 200 2 Hours
3 Statistics 100 200 2 Hours
4 General Studies (Finance and Economics) 100 200 2 Hours
Important Note
  • Paper-III will be for only those candidates who apply for the post of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) and who are shortlisted in Tier-I for this Post/Paper.
  • Paper-IV will be for only those candidates who are shortlisted in Tier-I for Paper-IV, i.e., for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer.
  • There will be negative marking of 0.25 marks for each wrong answer in Paper-II (English Language and Comprehension) and of 0.50 marks for each wrong answer in Paper-I, Paper-III and Paper-IV.
  • The exam duration is 2 hours and 40 minutes for candidates who are visually handicapped.
  • Subject-wise Detailed Syllabus of SSC CGL Tier - II 2022-23 Exam

    The above-mentioned syllabus was just a brief of SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. Students must go through the detailed syllabus of all the papers and build a proper strategy to score well in the respective subjects.

    Paper I - Quantitative Ability

    The questions will be designed to test the ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate. The scope of the test will be the computation of whole -

    Numbers, decimals,fractions and relationships between numbers, Percentage. Ratio & Proportion, Square roots, Averages, Interest, Profit and Loss, Discount, Partnership Business, Mixture and Alligation, Time and distance, Time & Work, Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds, Graphs of Linear Equations, Triangle and its various kinds of centres, Congruence and similarity of triangles, Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles, Triangle, Quadrilaterals, Regular Polygons , Circle, Right Prism, Right Circular Cone, Right Circular Cylinder, Sphere, Hemispheres, Rectangular Parallelepiped, Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base, Trigonometric ratio, Degree and Radian Measures, Standard Identities, Complementary angles, Heights and Distances, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bar diagram & Pie chart

    Paper II - English Language & Comprehension

    Questions in this components will be designed to test the candidate's understanding and knowledge of English Language and will be based on spot the error, fill in the blanks, synonyms, antonyms, spelling/detecting mis-spelt words, idioms & phrases, one word substitution, improvement of sentences, active/passive voice of verbs, conversion into direct/indirect narration, shuffling of sentence parts, shuffling of sentences in a passage, cloze passage & comprehension passage.

    Paper III -

    Statistics for Investigator Grade-II, Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation & Compiler in RGI. Collection Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data; Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions.

  • Measures of Central Tendency- Common measures of central tendency mean median and mode; Partition values- quartiles, deciles, percentiles.
  • Measures of Dispersion- Common measures dispersion range, quartile deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation; Measures of relative dispersion.
  • Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis Different types of moments and their relationship; meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of skewness and kurtosis.
  • Correlation and Regression Scatter diagram; simple correlation coefficient; simple regression lines; Spearman's rank correlation; Measures of association of attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial correlation (For three variables only).
  • Probability Theory Meaning of probability; Different definitions of probability; Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent events; Bayes theorem.
  • Random Variable and Probability Distributions Random variable; Probability functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher moments of a random variable; Binomial , Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions; Joint distribution of two random variable (discrete).
  • Sampling Theory Concept of population and sample; Parameter and statistic, Sampling and non-sampling errors; Probability and non-probability sampling techniques(simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling and quota sampling); Sampling distribution(statement only); Sample size decisions.
  • Statistical Inference - Point estimation and interval estimation, Properties of a good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis, Basic concept of testing, Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chi-square and F statistic, Confidence intervals.
  • Analysis of Variance - Analysis of one-way classified data and two-way classified data
  • Time Series Analysis - Components of time series, Determinations of trend component by different methods, Measurement of seasonal variation by different methods.
  • • Index Numbers - Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Types of index number, Different formulae, Base shifting and splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers, Uses of Index Numbers.
  • NOTE
  • . The Commission will have full discretion to fix separate minimum qualifying marks in each of the papers in Tier II and in the aggregate of all the papers separately for each category of candidates (viz. SC/ST/OBC/ including minority sub-quota /PH/ExS/General (UR)). Only those candidates who qualify in all the papers as well as in the aggregate would be eligible to be considered for being called for Interview and/or Skill Test.
  • There will be different set of Questions for Visually Handicapped (VH) candidates in Paper-I-Quantitative Ability, which shall not have any component of Map/Graphs/Statistical Data/ Diagrams/Figures/Geometrical problems/Pie-chart etc. However, components of other papers will be the same as that for general candidates.
  • In addition to above, the Commission has also decided to introduce a Descriptive Paper of English/Hindi as Tier-III. The Question Paper will be bilingual. The candidates will have the option to choose any one medium. The details may be read as under:-

    Tier Mode Of Examination Scheme Of Examination Marks Time
    1 Pen And Paper Mode Descriptive Paper in English/Hindi (Writing Of Essay/Precis/Application Writing etc Total Marks 100 60 Minutes
    2 Data Entry Skill Test (DEST) / Computer Proficiency Test (CPT) Same As Published In The Notice Of Examination Qualifying Same As Published In The Notice Of Examination

The final merit will be prepared on overall performance in Tier-I, Tier-II and Tier-III. However, the candidate will need to qualify all the tiers i.e. Tier-I, Tier-II and Tier-III separately. There will be no sectional cut-off.

Document Verification will also be conducted as per the provisions of the notice of examination

(Syllabus) SSC : Assistant Audit Officer (AAO) Exam Syllabus
General Studies (Finance and Economics)
Part A: Finance and Accounts-(80 marks)
Financial Accounting:
  • Nature and scope
  • Limitations of Financial Accounting
  • Basic concepts and Conventions
  • Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
  • Basic concepts of accounting:
  • Single and double entry
  • Books of original Entry
  • Bank Reconciliation
  • Journal
  • Ledgers
  • Trial Balance
  • Rectification of Errors
  • Manufacturing, Trading, Profit & loss Appropriation Accounts
  • Balance Sheet
  • Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure
  • Depreciation Accounting
  • Valuation of Inventories
  • Non-profit organisations Accounts
  • Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts
  • Bills of Exchange
  • Self Balancing Ledgers
  • Part B: Economics and Governance-(120 marks)
    Comptroller & Auditor General of India:
  • Constitutional provisions
  • Role and responsibility
  • Finance Commission
  • Role and functions
  • Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro Economics
  • Definition
  • scope and nature of Economics
  • Methods of economic study
  • Central problems of an economy
  • Production possibilities curve
  • Theory of Demand and Supply
  • Meaning and determinants of demand,
  • Law of demand and Elasticity of demand,
  • Price, income and cross elasticity,
  • Theory of consumer's behaviour-Marshallian approach and
  • Theory of Production and cost
  • Meaning and Factors of production
  • Laws of production- Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.
  • Forms of Market and price determination in different markets
  • Various forms of markets-Perfect Competition, Monopoly
  • Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly ad Price determination in these markets
  • Indian Economy
  • Nature of the Indian Economy
  • Role of different sectors-Role of Agriculture, Industry and Services- their problems and growth
  • National Income of India-Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income
  • Population-Its size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth
  • Poverty and unemployment- Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment
  • Infrastructure-Energy, Transportation, Communication
  • Economic Reforms in India:
  • Economic reforms since 1991
  • Liberalisation
  • Privatisation
  • Globalisation
  • Disinvestment
  • Money and Banking
  • Monetary/Fiscal policy- Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; Functions of commercial Banks/RRB/Payment Banks Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003.
SSC CGL Tier - III Exam Complete Syllabus 2022-23

SSC CGL Tier - III Exam is a descriptive paper which will be taken offline via pen and paper mode. In this exam, candidates language proficiency, grammar knowledge, vocabulary usage and writing skills will be tested in English/Hindi. Candidates are required to write essays, précis, application, letter, etc. in 60 minutes

Time Tier Maximum Marks Subject Mode Of Examination
1 Pen And Paper Mode Descriptive Paper in English/Hindi (Writing Of Essay/Precis/Application Writing etc) 100 60 Minutes
Points to remember:
  • This exam will be in Hindi/ English as per the choice filled by the candidate earlier at times of application filling.
  • The questions are based on 10+2 level.
  • The exam is qualifying in nature. At least 33% should be scored by the candidate to qualify this particular tier, rest is dependent on cut-offs.
  • The exam duration is 80 minutes for candidates who are visually handicapped or suffer from cerebral palsy.
  • The best way to prepare for this tier is to read lots of articles from various newspapers. Apart from this, you need to be well aware of the pattern of Letter and Application.

SSC CGL Tier-IV Syllabus

Tier-IV examination comprises of couple of skill sets required for certain Government Posts all over the country.

DEST (Data Entry Speed Test)

For the post of Tax Assistant (Central Excise and Income Tax),DEST Exam through SSC CGL 2023 exam is conducted to check the typing speed of the candidate. The candidates are given an article in English which they have to type on Computer. A candidate is required to type 2000 words in 15 minutes.

CPT (Computer Proficiency Test)

Word Processing, Spread Sheets and Generation of slides are the three modules that are important for this exam and the commission demands a candidate to be proficient in it for the post of CSS, MEA, Inspector (Central Excise), Inspector (Preventive Officer), Inspector (Examiner).

Tier-I exam is compulsory for all posts mentioned in the SSC CGL 2023 Notification. Candidates will have to prepare for both Tier 2 and Tier 3 exam simultaneously . However, the evaluation of Tier 3 Descriptive exam will be done only if a candidate clears the combined cut off for Tier 1 and Tier 2. So, candidates may appear for both Tier 2 and Tier 3 exams but your Tier 3 answer sheets will be evaluated only if you clear the cut-off. Tier-IV exam is taken by candidates applying specifically for TA, CSS, MEA and Inspector.

Penalty for wrong answers

Giving a wrong answer to a question will lead to deduction of 0.5 marks in Tier - I, III and IV while that of 0.25 marks in Tier-II.