AAP’s Education Model IAS Target

AAP’s Education Model

02 Oct 2020

Category : Daily Current Affairs

    AAP’s education model

    AAP’s focus was to provide an equal chance at quality education to children from all sections of society. The AAP government went about the task by improving infrastructure and the curriculum of schools. Govt. approach stems from the belief that quality education is a necessity, not a luxury. Dilapidated school buildings that lack basic facilities not only indicate the apathy of the government, but also significantly lower the motivation of teachers and the enthusiasm of students.

    The government sought to change this:

    By building new, aesthetically designed classrooms equipped with furniture, smart boards, staff rooms, auditoriums, laboratories, libraries, sports facilities and so on.
    AAP’s education budget has increased almost every year. It now constitutes at least 26 per cent of Delhi’s overall budget, hitting the figure of Rs 13,997 crore in the 2018-19 fiscal. Some principals and teachers were also sent on a 12-day training session to Cambridge University. They also visited the National Institute of Education, Singapore; IIM Ahmedabad; and other models of excellence in India. Moreover, subjects such as retail, travel and tourism, information and technology, beauty and wellness, financial market, management, and security were introduced as courses in the schools.

    The reforms

    At the heart of Delhi’s education model is the school management committees (SMCs). The SMCs are mandated under the Right to Education Act 2009.
    • These committee (SMCs) comprises parents and teachers affiliated to a particular school.
    • The members of the SMCs live in the vicinity of the school so they would feel a ‘sense of ownership’ towards this process.
    • SMCs are responsible for monitoring and assisting in matters of the school.
    • The SMCs can spend money on any material or activity, such as even hiring teachers on a short-term basis.
    • Guidelines are provided on how to engage with parents.
    • Invitations for meetings are sent through FM radio, newspaper advertisements, etc.

    In 2016, the government noted that there was a nearly 50% failure rate in Class 9 and admitted that the poor foundational skills of children could be the reason for it. The AAP government also made education free up to Class 12. It also increased scholarships for students who scored above 80 per cent. Special initiatives to ensure that all children learn to read, write and do basic mathematics was launched and made part of regular teaching learning activities in schools.
    The government also introduced a happiness curriculum and an entrepreneurship mindset curriculum. Further, an ‘entrepreneurship mindset curriculum’ was introduced to develop the problem-solving and critical thinking abilities of children in Classes 9 to 12. CCTV cameras were also installed in schools and parents were provided a live feed. The management quota was also scrapped during admissions. Apart from these new curricular initiatives, the focus on existing subjects too ensured better performance in Board examinations by Classes 10 and 12.

    Dropout rate in Schools

    Nobel Prize winner Abhijit Banerjee’s model
    To check the dropout rate, the government introduced the ‘Chunauti’ scheme:
    • Under the initiative, students are divided into groups on the basis of whether they can read or write Hindi and English, and solve mathematics.
    • Depending on their learning abilities, they are offered ‘special classes’ in the government schools.
    • Students are divided into three groups in class 6:
    • Pratibha (for the best students),
    • Nishtha (for the average ones)
    • Neo Nishtha (for those who barely pass)

    Even though they sit in the same classroom, the teaching methods vary. Delhi government’s schools had “outperformed” private schools. The pass percentage in government schools was 90.68 per cent, whereas the pass percentage for private schools was 88.35 per cent. There was no fee increase in private schools. Govt also ensured that any fee hike proposal was examined by authorised chartered accountants. Thus, for two years no school was allowed to raise its fee.

    The focus now will shift to “education as foundation”. Govt focus on three key areas:

    • First, the syllabus of Classes 1 to 8 will be reviewed to emphasize:
      • foundational learning skills,
      • the ‘happiness curriculum’
      • the ‘deshbhakti’ curriculum.
      Thus, apart from ensuring that all children can fluently read, write and do mathematics, the focus will be to build emotional resilience in children and ensure that they internalise our core constitutional values by the time they complete eight years of schooling.
    • Second, a Delhi Education Board will be set up to promote learning that encourages critical thinking, problem solving and application of knowledge among children. Additionally programmes like spoken English, soft skills and so on will be initiated for those students who have graduated from Delhi schools in the recent past.
    • Third, specialized schools will be created to nurture the aptitude and talent of children in the areas of science and technology, literature and language, visual and performing arts, and sports.

    Challenges of the Delhi Model

    The number of students attending Delhi government schools fell by 8 per cent between 2013-14 and 2017-18. To open degree colleges, promise wasn’t delivered because affiliated colleges can only be opened under Delhi University, which is a central university. Recently Maharashtra government announced that it would adopt the Delhi school model to increase the quality of education in the state. Currently, the Delhi school education model is considered to be the best in the country. The transformation in the education system under the Delhi model needs a relook and should be replicated to raise the standard of education in Maharashtra.

Posted by : IAS Target