IAS Target

What is UPSC?

Know all details about the UPSC exam, age limit, and several attempts for all categories, restrictions, and UPSC exam stages from Prelims to Interviews.

Eligibility Conditions

(I) Nationality-

For the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), the Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and the Indian Police Service (IPS). A UPSC aspirant must be a citizen of India. For other services, a candidate must be either:-

  • A citizen of India, or else
  • a subject of Nepal, or else
  • a subject of Bhutan, or else
  • a refugees of Tibetan who came over to Indian territory before 01/01/1962 with the objective of permanently settling in India, or else
  • An individual person of Indian origin who has migrated from Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Myanmar, East-African countries of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia, & Vietnam with the purpose of permanently settling in India.

Provided that an aspirant belonging to categories b, c, d, and e shall be an individual person in whose favor eligibility certificate has been issued by the Indian Government. A candidate in whose case an eligibility certificate is necessary may be admitted to the exam, but the appointment offer may be given only after the requisite eligibility certificate has been issued to him/her by the Union Government.

(II) Age Limits -
  • A UPSC aspirant must have attained the age of twenty-one years & must not have attained the age of thirty-two years on the 01/08/2020, i.e., he/she must not have been born earlier than 02/08/1988 & not later than 01/08/1999. Requisite action to make corresponding changes in respective Rules and Regulations pertaining to various other services is being taken separately.
  • The upper age limit mentioned above will be relaxable:
    1. up to a maximum of 5 - years if an aspirant belongs to an SC or an ST;
    2. up to a maximum of Three years in the case of aspirants belonging to OBC who are eligible to avail the benefits of reservation applicable to such candidates;
    3. up to a maximum of Three years in the case of Personnel from Defence Services, disabled in war - operations
    4. during war or hostilities with any foreign country or in a war-prone area and released as a consequence thereof;
    5. up to a maximum of Five years in the case of ex-servicemen, together with Commissioned Officers & ECOs or SSCOs who have rendered minimum five years Military Service as on 01/08/2019 & have been relieved;
    6. on completion of task (including those whose task is due to be completed within 1 year from 01/08/2019 otherwise than by way of sacking or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency; or else
    7. on account of physical disability attributable to Services in the Military; or else
    8. on invalid.
    9. up to a maximum of Five years in the case of SSCOs/ECOs who have finished an initial time period of assignment of 5 years of Military Service as of 01/08/2019 & whose
    10. assignment has been extended more than five years & in whose case the Defence Ministry issues a document that they can apply for civil employment & that they will be relieved on three months' notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer letter of job.
    11. up to a maximum of Ten years in the case of
    12. blindness & low vision;
    13. deaf & hard of hearing;
    14. locomotor disability including leprosy cured, cerebral palsy, acid attack victims, dwarfism & muscular dystrophy;
    15. intellectual disability, autism, mental illness and autism and
    16. multiple disabilities from amongst persons under clauses a to d, together with deaf and blindness.
    17. up to a maximum of Five years if an aspirants had ordinarily been domiciled in the Northern State of Jammu & Kashmir during the time period from 01/01/1980 to 31/12/1989.
(III) Minimum Educational Qualifications -
  • UPSC aspirants must hold a graduation degree from any of the Universities incorporated by Central or State govt. Act or other educational institutions established by the Parliament act or declared to be considered as a University Under Section - 3 of the University Grants Commission (UGC) Act of 1956, or possess an corresponding qualification.
(IV) Number of attempts -
  • Every candidate appearing at the examination, who is otherwise eligible, shall be permitted six attempts at the examination: Provided that this restriction on the number of attempts will not apply in the case of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes candidates who are otherwise eligible.
  • Provided further that the number of attempts permissible to candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes, who are otherwise eligible, shall be nine. The relaxation will be available to the candidates who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.
  • Provided further that candidates of Persons with Benchmark Disability will get as many attempts as are available to other candidates who do not belong to Persons with Benchmark Disability of his or her community, subject to the condition that a candidate of Persons with Benchmark Disability belonging to the General Category shall be eligible for nine attempts.
  • Necessary action to make corresponding changes in respective Rules/regulations pertaining to various services is being taken separately. The relaxation will be available to the candidates of Persons with Benchmark Disability who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.
  • Provided further that aspirants of Persons with Physical Disability (PWDs) will get as many chances to sit in the Exam as are available to other aspirants who do not belong to Persons with Physical Disability (PWDs) of their community or caste, subject to the condition that a candidate of Person with Physical Disability (PWDs) belonging to the Unreserved category shall be eligible for nine attempts.
  • Requisite action to make corresponding changes in respective Rules/Regulations about various other services are being taken individually. The relaxation will be available to the candidates of Person with Physical Disability (PWDs) who are eligible to avail of the benefits of reservation applicable to such candidates.
(V) Restrictions on applying for the examination -
  • Aspirants who are appointed to the IAS or the IFS on the results of an earlier Examination & continues to be a member of that service will not be entitled to participate in this Exam. In case such a candidate is appointed to the IAS/IFS after the Prelims Exam is over, and they continue to be a member or part of that service, they shall not be eligible to appear in the UPSC (Main) Examination, nevertheless their having qualified in the Prelims Exam. Also provided that if such an aspirant is appointed to IAS/IFS after the beginning of the UPSC (Main) Examination, but before the result thereof & continues to be a member of that service, they shall not be considered for appointment to any other service/post based on the result of this Examination viz. UPSC Main Examination.
  • A candidate who is appointed to the IPS on the results of an earlier examination & continues to be a member of that service will not be entitled to opt for the Indian Police Service (IPS) in UPSC Examination.
(VI) Physical Standards -

An aspirant must be physically fit according to physical standards for admission to UPSC Examination, 2019 as per guidelines given in Appendix - III of Rules for Examination published in the Gazette of India 02/2019.

The UPSC Commission will draw a list of aspirants to be qualified for Civil Services (Main) Exam based on the criterion of minimum qualifying marks of 33% in General Studies (GS) Paper-II of Civil Services Prelims Exam & total qualifying marks of General Studies (GS) Paper-I of Civil Services Prelims The UPSC Commission may determine exams.

Civil Services Exam consists of 3 Steps which are as follows :

Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam Pattern
No. of Papers Two (2) compulsory papers
Type of Questions Objective (MCQs)
Total Marks 200 marks each (400 marks)
Duration of Exam 2 hours each
Negative Marking one-third (0.33) as a penalty
Medium of Exam Hindi and English
IAS Prelims : Subject-wise weightage of Paper-1 (2019)
Subject No. of Questions
Polity 7
Geography & Agriculture 7
Science & Technology 8
Ecology & Environment 18
Economics 18
History/Art & Culture 15
GK/Current Affairs 27

Note:

  • There will be harmful or penalty marking for incorrect answers to all questions.
  • There are four alternatives or options for answering every question asked in the Exam. For every question for which a wrong answer has been given by the aspirant, 1/3 of the marks assigned to that question will be deducted as a penalty.
  • If a candidate ticks more than one answer to the question, it will also be treated as an incorrect answer even if one of the given answers happens to be right & there will be the same penalty that is 1/3 (0.33) as above for that question.
  • If a question is left blank, there will be no penalty or mark deduction for that question.
  • Only those aspirants who are declared by the UPSC Commission to have qualified in the Prelims Exams in the year will be entitled to admission to the Main Exam of that year, provided they are otherwise eligible for admission, to the Main Examination.
IAS Mains Examination - The written exam will consist of the following papers:
Qualifying Papers Paper A (Indian Language) - Check Languages - Paper B (English)
Paper to be counted for Merit Paper I to Paper VII
Interview Personality Test
Duration of Exam 2 hours each