Challenges For Writing Essay In UPSC Examination | IAS TARGET

Essay Writing For UPSC In Hindi

IAS Target

Strategy How To Deal With Essay Writing Challenges

Tips for Essay Writing
Tips-1 : Think for 25-30 minutes -

Think, before you start the Essay writing and organise all the points in structured form in 10 minutes.

Example :

Essay on Science and Technology Science and technology in past like in ancient time then further evolution in medival and modern world. Application of S&T, benefit, disadvantages. S&T in different fields, coutry wise analysis, govt role and implication on people life. future prospects, defence, human welfare etc...means think how much you think.

Youve 3 hours to write the essay. Dont immediately start

  • 1st try to recall everything that you can remember / want to say about the essay.
  • Take a pencil and write them all (in very brief) on the end of the answer sheet.
  • See if there is any chance of adding some diagram or table in it?

Once youre done adding everything that you can think about, regarding the essay - then give those topics, order of preference. The order is very important.

The order should be -
  • Introduction
  • Background / History related
  • Main concept / theory / what the subject is about,
  • Current scenario related to it.
  • Good sides
  • Negative sides / obstacles
  • Suggested reforms
  • Conclusion
Tips-2 : What Not To Write In Essay -
  • Autocracy is better than democracy.So you should never justify certain solution to Indias problems.
  • Excessive criticism of Govt / administration.
  • Seeing negative sides without suggesting reforms in it.
Tips-3 : Provocative Essays -

Sometimes the essay topics are given in such a way, that you want to agree all the way.

E.g. Making India a Hindu Rashtra or based only on single faith Govt's charity in poor people should stop.

It is Easier to criticize a non working things than to fix it. Do not give filmy solutions to real life problems. (R-2 / Gabbar.)

Tips-4 :Do Not Get Personal -
  • Dont go naming individual politicians their achievement/scandals (Lalu yadav, Mukhtar Ansari,etc.)
  • (Except in the foreign policy related essay, where youve to analyse from entire Nehrus Panchsheel era to Vajpayees Lahore Bus visit and current affairs.) our Foreign policy has changed with every prime minister so their names need to be mentioned.
  • Never write essay talking like Congress did this and BJP did that. Its the trait of a common man, not of a future officer.
  • Give a balanced answer without getting into hero-worship or mud slinging.
  • Not criticizing Govenrment in the essay alone was going to make you IAS officer.
  • An officers trait is to remain anonymous, faceless and neutral- meaning your essay should look like it has been written by a graduate.
Same Applies For -
  • Religion / culture/ language-literature (in philosophical essays)
  • States (in polity / federalism / Development)
  • Writing the essay with out having any personal view/ opinion or righteous anger, and you mustnt become too much passionate about certain things.
  • You can never be sure about what will be the political / ideological / religious / regional alignment of the examiner.
  • This suggestion also applies while dealing with Public Administration (optional subject).
Tips-5: Quotes -
  • Dont make mistakes in writing who said what. E.g. you quote Gandhi's sentence and write Swami Vivekanand said it.
  • Quote Exactly as it was said, not manipulate in your own words.
Tips-6: Padding & Deviating From The Subject -
  • Even in the worst case,youre supposed to write 1200-1500 words for a 250 marks essay.
  • Padding means, you dont know the exact answer so you just beat around the bushes and write the garbage stuff to fill up the pages,so dont try it in the essay paper.
  • Dont write too many proverbs / quotes/ (invented) case studies/examples per page. It makes the examiner think that youre just filling up the pages.
Do not pick up the subject where your idea or thought content is very low.
  • Ex. you picked up Panchsheel Principles between India and China So you start and After 4 pages, your thoughts and ideas are exhausted only 500 words wont get you any marks ! now you cant repeat those pages and write a new essay on new topic, youve wasted enough time on this one.
  • But you decide to continue with this Panchsheel Principles essay and start rewriting the same content you already stated in different ways and then youll deviate from the main topic- like Panchsheel Principles is relevant in current geopolitical scenario.
  • So we need to switch to related topic like not following Panchsheel Principles make things worse then relate with global tension you write about the pro-cons of adhering Panchsheel Principes.
  • Youve messed up the whole thing, you totally deviated from the subject.Your essay doesnt have any flow of thoughts or proper rhythm.The seasoned examiners immediatly sniff out this padding and they dont give much marks for it, your expected score for this kind of garbage writing is less than 50/200, means even with decent score in all other papers, your chances of getting interview call is close to zero. Youve jeopardised your chances of selection in IAS, youve digged your own grave.
Thats why -
  • Take great care in picking up the subject.
  • First 30-40 minutes for thorough thinking.
  • Stick to the subject.
Suggestions -
  • Essay is not something that can be learned reading one book or reading for 1 month.
  • Its a continuous and long process takes some diverse reading before youve enough content to write something decent to get more than marks.
  • Editorials of english newspapers ( but dont get swayed about by either leftist or capitalist stuff preched by both sides)
  • Magazines like Frontline, yojana, Kurukshetra. (it gives you the fodder material: statistical data to quote like how many % illiterate and so on but again dont use too much statistical data for padding and most importantly dont invent your own case studies and stat data)
  • Watch English news channel discussions / debates.
  • See the old question papers and try to make an outline of each and every Essay asked so far.